The purpose of this paper is to clarify and develop the basic program idea for the second phase of the NRTEE’s Nature Conservation program, and to recommend options for how to focus the program in a program plan. The paper begins by clarifying the problem, or barrier, that Phase II will address. This barrier is the failure to integrate the true costs and benefits of nature into decision-making, which essentially refers to the fact that private decisions externalize many environmental costs.
This report presents the NRTEE with an overview of how indigenous people have approached, and continue to approach the protection and preservation of land and resources within broader ecosystem environments.
This study identified limited examples where ESWM components were successfully applied. The effective use of a holistic approach was exemplified by a Savannah River Case Study, where a multidisciplinary panel recommended an ecological flow regime that varied depending on seasonal and yearly patterns (Richter et al., 2006). Source Protection Committees mandated in Ontario and partnerships employed under the Okanagan Sustainable Water Strategy illustrated effective and beneficial collaborative approaches between multi-stakeholder groups (OMOE, 2008). The Range of Variability and Histogram Matching approaches also provided a means to test the effectiveness of a prescribed environmental flow.