are very fenfible, that nothing in this country, either air 0r diet, produces the plague, though both contribute very much to its pro- grefs and violence, after it is brought here or to any part of this country from any other infected place; for you know, by long ex- perience, that it rages moi‘: in the hot months of july, Augult, and September, when the diet of molt ofthe poorinhabitants (who are the greatefi fufferers by the plague) con- ills of unripe fruits, cucumbers, melons, gourds, grapes, Sec.

The plague breaks out here and at Smyrna fome years, when it is not pofiible to trace whence it is conveyed ; for fome houfes which were infefled, and not well cleaned after the infected perfon is remov. ed, lodge {ome of the venomous molecula: in wool, cotton, hair, leather, or ikins, &c. all winter long; which put in motion by the lieat in April or May, breathe out of their nidus, where they Iefided, and recover f0 much life and action as to enter into the cu- taneous pores of any perfon who comes within their reach, and f0 infect him. But plagues of this kind feldom fpread, and are never zfo fatal as thofe that come from abroad.

Many are of opinion that the lieat kills the plague, as they terrn it; which is owing to a foolifh fu- perfiition among the Greeks, who pretend that it mull ceafe the 14th 0f June, being St. ]0hn’s day, though they may obferve the con- trary happen every year; and the iirongeit plague that was at Smyr- 11a in my time, anna 1736, was ltottefi about that time, and conti. ‘nued with great violence till the latter end of September, tyhen it


began to abate; but it was not en- tirely over till the tzth of Novem- ber, when Te Deum was fung in the Capuchins convent.

This miflaken notion may be in fome meafure owing to a wrong fenfe put upon Profper Alpinus, who allows that the plague at Cairo begins to ceafe in the months of June and July, when the firong northerly winds (called Embats or Etefian winds) begin to blow, which makes the country much cooler than in themonths of May, April, and March, when the plague rages mofi; which he very jufily imputes to the great fufib-

cating heats and foutherly winds,

which reign, during thofe months,-

in that country; and it is then that the fhips, which load rice, flax, and other goods and merchandife for Conliantinople, receive the in- feftion, and carry it with them hither; and, upon thefe goods be- ing delivered to perfons in difier- ent parts of the city, the plague breaks out at once with great vio. lence among the trading people of the Greeks, Armenians, and Jews; for I have obferved, both here and at Smyrna, that the Turks are com- monly the laft of the four nations who are infected; but, when the plague gets once among them, they fufier mofl: by it, becaufe they take the leafl care and precaution, and their families are muchrnore nu. rnerous.

The plague, as well as all other epidemical difeafes, has its rife, progrefs, ftate, and declenfion, when it begins to Iofe its virulence, and many of the fick recover. Some years it is felt fporadically all the winter; and we hear of fome ac- cidents, in the Phanar, among the Greeks, among the jews, Turks,