themfelves in Anglefey as their metropolis, the author proves by the confent of ancients and mo. derns, by the joint authority of Ctefar and Tacitus, and by a great variety of ancient remains and mo. numents, which their names, and other circurnltances, thew to be relics of Druidical rites and cuf- toms.

The Druids are known to have had a chief, or head, who was at- tended by the inferior orders, by whole dwellings his own was‘ fur. rounded; and in Anglefey there is now a place called 7're’r Dgw, Druids Town; the other orders, as appears from Strabo, and Am. Inianus Marcellinus, were called Drudau, Ojuyr, and Beirdd; and round the place called Tn‘:- Dry-w, Druids Town, there are now places called Baddruaau, Bodoujr, and Trfr Beirdd, i.e. the precin€t or allotment of the Druakm, the Of- frtsyr, and the Beirad.

The Druids had a fupreme eon- lillorial court, and in Anglefey there is now a circular bank of earth, called Brain-Gwyn, the Su. preme Court or Confillory. They affected walks and folitude; and there is a place, called ilbflrion, the place of contemplation; they cultivated groves of oak, and there is a place called TrIw-ir-ugw/d, the townfhip of young trees, or nurfery of oaks.

In the middle of Druids Town there are the ruins of the principal Druid’s houfe, a railed fquare, fifty paces over, doubly intrenched and moated round; in the middle of it is the foundation of a round tower, or flair-cafe; and it appears to have been furroundedby a grove of oaks, for the mud that now fills the ditches is little more than one mafs of rotten oalt leaves.


Near the refidence of the prins eipal Druid it is natural to look for his great temple and fupreme tribunal, and here remains of both are to be found; at one end of the town, which contains the re- ma ns of the Druid’: hotiie, there appears a large circus, or theatre, railed to a great height with earth and llrnes, with an opening di. rectly to the writ: and at about a. furlong diflant are the n mains of a ring cr circus of very largG fione pillars; three are [landing entire, and there is the fiump of a fourth fiill in an erect petition; the whole number feetm to have be n erght; they weze placed in a circular form, and included, an area of about fourteen yards dia- meter. '1 he theatre of earth and llones is called Bryn-Gwyn, the fupremc trrbunal; and the pillar! appear to be the remains of 'a temple, by a farnedde, or place of facrifice, [till remaining in the middle of it, and othersfiones that were known to be ufeo in their re- ligious rites.

In the neighbourhood of this town there are many other Drui- dical remains, particularly a Crun- lecb ofa very large fize. As (om: of the llones of thefe Cram/ed», that are railed upon other llones, in the manner of Stone-henge, upon Salilbury-plain, are of an enormous magnitude, weighing more than thirty ton, the manner in which they were removed and raifed has always puzzled the learned, nor has the problem been hitherto fatisfafiorily folved. The folution however is attempted by Mr. Rowlands in the following manner.

". The powers of the lever and

inclined plane, being fotne 0f the firfi