Mozyr, in Lithuania, where the Greek peafauts murdered a great number of gentlemen with their wives and children; and burnt and defh-oyed a great part of the coun- try. The Haydamacks alfo made a fecond irruption into the Ukraine, where they burnt three towns, above

' fifty villages, and malTacred near

‘$000 perfons; the greater part of thefe unhappy viéiims were Jews, moil of whom they cruelly burnt to death. It was, probably, this irrup- tion of the Haydamacks, and per- haps the return of fome of the fu- gitives, who had before quitted the country, that excited another infur- reftion among the peafants of the Ukraine, who in the latter end of Auguii rofe in great numbers, and again renewed all ‘thofe barbarities for which they had been fo lately chaltifed. The Chiefs of the con-

Tederates of Bar,“ being kindly treated in Moldavia and Walla- chia, were joined by great numbers of their adherents, and began now to make frequent excurfions acrofs the Neilier; f0 that Count Barnic- ki, who commanded a confiderable body of Crown troops in thofe parts, found more employment than he was equal to, in endeavouring to fupprefs the‘ peafants, and to repel the incurfions of the Confederates and Haydamacks.

The Grand Dutchy of Lithuania, having been kept in quiet through the influence of Prince Radzivil, had hitherto efcaped the calami- ties which walied the relt of the na- tion. The happy effeets of this con-- duct were now fo vifible, and the prefent fituation of affairs made any deviation from it fo ufclefs and dan- gerous, that‘ a confederacy there can only be attributed to a blind fatality; or to one of the mofi ex-

[as traordinary 0r moft unaccountable movements of the human mind. Yet it was under thefe circumllances, when the two great confederacics were totally defiroyed, all the others weakened and ruined, the whole country occupied by Ruffian troops, and the grand army in full march towards it, with the recent tranfac- tions of Cracow before their eyes; that the nobles of Lithuania, by forming three new confederacies, chofe to encounter fingly all thofe dangers and troubles which they had been hitherto witnefies of. Thefe eonfederacies were very con- fiderable, as well from the quality as the number ofthe perfons who com- pofed them, infomuch that Prince Radzivil, even at their firft appear- ance, was afraid they would have carried off 5 or 6000 foldiers which he kept in his own pay, though he had two fortified towns to cover them. The conduct of the Porte, and the proteelion and fhelter afforded by it to the confederates, could not but be alarming to the Rufiians; but whatever jealoufies they enter~ tained on this head, were carefully kept from the public notice in Po land, where thefe circumlhnces were attributed to the pnrtiality of the Balh? of Choczim. The Turks had hitherto refrained from committing any kind of excels upon the bor- ders; but in the interval between the recall of that Bafha and the coming of a new one, a number of them went to the fair of Zwaniec, a Poliih town upon the frontiers, where a quarrel happened between them and the inhabitants, who af- Jembled to drive them out ofthe town; but the former being fup- ported by freih numbers ofthtir fel- lows, who through defigu or ChunCt

[C 4] came