iituation, mult be of conliderable importance, and bear a great {hare in this war, the Sultan thought proper to re-ellablilh Crim Gue- ray, their late Chan, in that digni- ty. ' This prince, being according- ly Tent for to Conltantinople from his country houfe, was received with great dillinétion, and loaded with rich prelfents by the Sultan, whole example was followed by the Vizir and all the great orlicers of fiate; and his fon was appointed a Seralkier, or Commander of 30,000 men. The new Grand Vizir had enjoyed his dignity only a very fmall time wht/n he refigned it, as was (aid, on account of his bad fiate of health; whether that was the real caufe or no, he retired without any marks of dillike or difgrace, and was fucceeded by Mahemet Emin Pacha, the Kai- machan, or Grand Vizir’s vice- gerent; a man {aid to have parts, and to be of an enterprizing and ambitious fpirit. Soon afterwards the Reis Ellen- di, or Great Chancellor, commu- nicated to the forei n 0a’ 3°’ Minilters, to be traff- mitted to their refpeftive courts,

-a manifello containing the caufes

which influenced the Porte to en- ter into aywar with Rufiia. This manifello, which turns almofl {ole- ly upon the conduct of the Ruf- fians in Poland, calls in quefiion the election of the King, whom it pretends they had made by force and violence, contrary to the in- clinations of the people, and the fenfe of the Republic. That, in fupport ‘of this violent meafure, their armies had ever fince con- tinued to over-run that country: that they deprived the people who had a free right to elect their own


King, of their ellates real and per- fonal, and tool; away their lives, becaule they would net fubmit to a perfon whom they had not elected as their King; and that the Sub- lime Porte, out of friendlhip to Rullia, and an univillingnefs to pro. ceed to extremities, had diiguifed her griefs, and deferred her relent- ment, for three years pail. The manifello mentions the arrell of the Rullian Relidcnt, and feems t0 in- linuate an apology for that mode of acting, by laying, that accord- ing to the ancient etiqdette of the Sublime Porte, the laid Relidetit muPt remain in the Calllc of the Seven Towers."

The manifello in itfelfis only a loofe, vague cornpolition, the rea- lbning confufed, and the charges not properly proved. It fets forth, as an inllance of the unlitnels‘ of the prefent King, that he is not of a Royal family, which the Porte mull well know to have been the cafe of many Kings of Poland, and that fome of the greatelt Princes that ever filled the Throne were called to it from a private llation. It alfo feems late, as well as llrange, to difpute the validity of an elec- tion at the end of four years, with- out the having madc anygdeclara- tion againft it in all that time, or the giving any teliimony that the perfon elected was not acknowledged as King.

In the mean time the prepara- ‘tions for war were carried on with the greatell ardour imaginable, and fuch vigour and expedition lhewn, that a letter from Conllan- tinople lays, More provifion has been made here for war in eight days, than would have been done in any other nation in Europe in as many months.’ Above 30o