it was


your Majefly of the ever memorable words which the firll Prefident Har- lay addrefied to Henry III. in r586- Sire, faid the magillrate, we have iwo forts of laws ; one fort are the ordinances of our Kings, and thclie may be altered according to difier- ence of times and circumltances: The other fort are the ordinances of the kingdom, which are intric- lable, and by which you afcend to the throne, and to the crown, which your predecefiors prefervcd. Among thefe ptiblic laws, that is of the moll (acre-d, and has been mofl reli- gioufly kept by your predecelibrs, which orders, that no law or ordi- nancelhall be publilhed, but what is verified in this company: they thought a violation of this law, was a violation of that by which they were made Kings.”

The King’s anfwer to this remon- firance not being (satisfactory, ano-

l ther meeting or" the Par- rlu y 4" liament was held; wherein propofed to draw up repre- fentations to the King, to fhew the evils that proceed from the ex- illence of the Grand Council in any form: and that the Hates of the kingdom alfembled at Orleans and at Blois had already requelled its abolition. The refolution pafied in this aflembly did not however an- fwcr the end propofed in meeting; and was only to apply to the King to prefcribe fome limits to the ju- rildicitiou of the Grand Council; and to fecure his Parliaments, by a clear and precife law, againlt the regulations of the letters patent which had been lately granted to it. This refolution was carried, after great debates, only by a ma- jority of two voices, there being fixty-fix for it, againft fixty-four, who were for utterly abolilhing this

E. [47

Council. All the rznccs of the Blood were prefent at Ellis Aiil-mbly, except the Count d: Clcrmont, who was ill. The debates Cfifltllillid many hours; and the rirli iyliniilrzr, the Duke dc Choilietil, vxas there one of the firll, and continued to the latl. A noble inilance of (iairit and independence, that, in the c.1- pital 0F an abfolute hlonarch, a Par- liament compolied only of Advo- cates, in no degree the rcprelentrt- tives of the people, fliould aliord To {mall a majority to the court, on a queftion which feemed rather mo- derate and healing, than fobvcrlive of any right, and xvrhich was (up- ported in perfon by a PO\\"€l‘l_‘tll body of Princes, as well as by an over- grown Minifi-er.

The Parliament ofTouloufe were not To moderate as that of Paris, but ifTued an arret, by which all perfons under its juriliciiflion are forbidden, under fever-e penalties, to conform to anyjudgment pallE-d by

the Great Council; and all loiici- _

tors and ferjeatits are forbid, on. pain ofimprilonrnent, to pa)’ any re- gard to its acts. The aFiair {eems at prcfent to tell in this fituaation, and we do not hear of any thing farther being done onyeirher lide.

The barinefs of the late hnrvefirs had occnfioned proviliozis of all forts to bear an imrnorhrate price: and cr>rzi in particular was not only very dear, but in general very bad, and the bread coniequently cliiizgrec- able and unwholefome. 'l‘hediilrell"es of the people vxere cxceilE-re, and their complaints and murmuring-s became nniverfal. In fuch iituatinr/s, all the world fancy thcznfclt-es in- genious in finding out the caules of public calamities; and if any no- velties have been introduced, they always come in for a great mire of popular