me a verbal account of their hav- ing been brought from the banks of the Ohio; and on the following day fent me one tulk and one grin- der, as fpecimens for my examina- tion. The talk, indeed, feemed fo like that of an elephant, that there appeared no room for doubt. I lhewed it to my brother, and he thought f0 too: but, being parti- cularly converfant with comparative anatomy, at firll: fight he told me the grinder was not an elephant’s. From the form of the knobs on the body of the grinder, and from the difpnfition of the enamel, which makes a crufi on the outfide only of the tooth, as in a human grinder, he was convinced that the animal was either carnivorous, or of a mixed kind. This made me think that the tulk itleli was not a real elephant’s tooth: for Mr. Boding- ton had told me, that there were many grinders, as well as tufks, and that they were all fimilar to thofe fpecimens which he had fent to me. And fome time after, when I went to the Tower, and examined the whole collection which had been fent over from the Ohio, L faw that the grinders were all of the fame kind. I examined two elephant’s jaws in my brother’s collection: I examined the tulks and grinders of the queen’s two elephants: and I examined a great number ofAfri- can elephants teeth at a warehoufe. From all thefe obfervations l was convinced that the grinder tooth, brought from the Ohio, was not that of an elephant; but of fome carnivorous animal, larger than an ordinary elephant ; and I could not dnltbt that the tulk belonged to the fame animal. The only difFerence that I could obfervebetiveen it


and a real elephanfis tulk was, that it was more twilied, or had more of the (piral curve, than any of the elephants teeth which I had feen.

Some time after this Dr. Frank- lin received a. large box of the fame fort of bones lrorn the Ohio, by the way of Philadelphia. He informed me of this, and told me likewife that another large box of thofe bones was lent to the earl of Shelburne, one of his majcfifs fe- cretaries of llzate. l waited upon Dr. Franklin, with fome other friends, and found the bones to be entaétly fuch as I had teen; and was, therefore, confirmed in my former opinion.

Then I waited upon Lord Shel- burne, and was permitted to exa... mine the bones which he had re- ceived. Befides the tufks and grin- ders, which were all fuch as I had feen, and fiill ferved to confirm me in my opinion, there was the half of the lower jaw of the animal, with one large grinder fiill fixed in it. This jaw-bone was {o difiFerent from that of an elephant, both in form and in fize, and correlponded f0 exaélly with the other bones, and with my fuppofition, that I was new fully convinced, that the fuppofed. American elephant was an animal of another Tpecies, a p/kud-e/tp/Jaa-r, or anir/zal incognitum, which natura- lills were unacquainted with. I imagined farther, that this animal inragninmz would prove to be the fuppofed elephant of Siberia, and other parts of Europe; and that the real elephant would be found to have been in all ages a native of Alia and Africa only.

The earl of Shelburne, from his love of natural knowledge, [hewcd a delire tha: the enqhiry might be

. carried