Brazils and Lima, as well as in different parts of Europe.

At this time Lord Shelburne pre- Tented the largeft of the American tuflts", and the jaw-bone, and lome grinders, to the Britilh Pvtullt-um ; and his lordlhip did me the honour to fend ‘inc the fmaller tuflt, and two grinders.

‘I went to four of the principal ‘workers and dealers in ivory, with whom [law and examined many hundreds of elephants teeth. Tho’ they all ailiired me, that the real elephants teeth have often a fpiral twill, like a cow’s horn, they could not thew me one tooth lb twilted in all their collections, when 1 vifited them. Threeof them did me the favourto come to my houfe; and

they gave it as their opinion, that"

my two "American talks were ge- nuine elephants teeth. One of ‘them was even politive that they

-were Africawteeth. Another work-

er in ivory cut through that tufk which Lord Shelburne gave me. It proved to be found on the infide. He allbred me that it was true ele- -phant'ine ivory; and that v/orkers i-n ivory "could readily dillinguilh the genuine, by its grain and tex- ture, from all other bony fubllartcs "whatever. He polillied it: we com- pared it ‘with other pieces or ge- nuine ivory,‘ and indeed they _ap- peared to be perfectly fimilar, His

opinion was afterwards confirmed

by another experienced worker in ivory. Yet their opinion, and what I faw with “my own eyes, con- vinced me of this fact only, viz.

“that true or genuine ivory is the

production of two different ani- mals; and not of the "elephant alone.

"Having thus-collected all the ma- terials to which -I could have accefs,

fex, or climate.

H I S T Q R Y. "’ /

I carefully read what the French Academicians, lVlc-llirs. Bufibntanti Daubenton, have written 0n this qnelticn, in the Hilloire Nzturelle, tom. XL p. ‘d6, Sac. and p. 1a,, &t'. tom. Xll. p. 63; and lVle_ moircs de l’Acatl. Roy. tits Se. Ann. i762, p. 206, Iltc. But, m»- llead of meeting with facts which could tlifprove my opinion, l found obfervations and arguments wiuctt confirm it. One very tnaterial fact, which Mr. Daubenton fur- nifhes in fupport of my hypothelis, is the comparifon ofthe American thigh-bone with that of a real ele- phant; both of which he has re- prefented in figures, which appear to be done with accuracy. To me it feems molt evident, that they are bones of two dillittfi fpecies. The vail difproportional thicknells of the American bone, compared with that of the elephant, is lurely more than we can attribute to the dilTe- rent proportions of bones, in the fame fpecies, which arife from age, But Mr. Dauben- ton, to fnpport his hypotheiis, that the Americanfimur is elephantine, is obliged to refer the great difpro- portion in thicknefs to the caufes above-mentioned; and he allirms ‘that in all other circurnllazices they are exaflly alike. Nair, to nvy eye, there is nothing more evident, than that the tWOflI/zara difiier widely in the lhape and proportion of the head; in the length and direéliort of the neck; and in the figure and, direction of the great trochanter; f0 that they have many charaflers, which prove their belonging to animals of different fpecies.-

t: may now be fairly prefumed that the American bones are proved to be certainly not elephantine; and whoever is 0f that opinion,


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