they found thedetachment fafe, it was not thought confifient with prudence, nor authorized by in- flruélions from home, to proceed to violence againll the Caribbs. It was agreed that nothing further fhould be done, until the prefent tranfaélions were laid before the King and council, and their final refolutions known. The Caribbs immediately agreed to thefe propo- fitions, and a {top was for that time put t0 the furvey.

Though the planters had not a force in any degree equal to the reduélion ofthe Caribbs, the num- ber of the rivers in the country, and the richnefs of the foil through which they had now marched, ope- rated fo powerfully upon their paf- lions, that they could not avoid ex- prelfing the regret which they felt, at being prevented from bringing matters to an immediate extremity, in terms which gave no favourable idea of their equity or humanity.

Falfe reports were induflrioufly railed and circulated, which kept the ifland in a continual alarm: the moi’: paflionate complaints were fent home: the Caribbs reprefent- ed as moll daring and incorrigible rebels : and their own danger ex- aggerated in_the higheil degree. Nothing lefs than their total exter- mination could now aPEord fafety; and it was propofed to tranfport them to the coall of Africa, or to fome defart iiland in that quarter. In the mean time, the lieutenant- governdr of the new illands arrived at St. Vincent’s, and ifihed a pro- clamation to quiet the minds of the Caribbs, and to remove their fears and fufpicions; nor do we hear of any further violence they committed than the dellruftion of the new roads, and the burning of

[*87 ahoufe belonging to a perfon who was particularly obnoxious to them ; and they quietly fubmitted to the imprifonment ofone of their chiefs, who was fufpeéted of the latter fact ; nor does it appear that there was a fingle iltot fired, nor a drop of blood fpilt, in all this commo- tion.

Notwithllanding the warm and continual remonllrances that were made at home, government feemed flill very unwilling to proceed to violence with thefe people. Ac- cordingly the commifiioners, in the beginning of the year 1771, held another meeting with feveral of their chiefs, and propofed a new partition, and exchange of lands, upon a narrower fcale, and terms more favourable to them than the arrangement which had been al- ready agitated; but every propofal for parting with their lands we-s rejected by the Caribbs with the greatefi firmnefs; and on the quef- tion being demanded, whether they acknowledged themtelves fubjefls to the King of Great-Britain, and would take the oath of allegiance, they boldly repliedin the negative; faid they were independent, and were not {abject either to the King of Great-Britain or of France. As the continuance oi‘ our tranquillity with the courts ofFrance and Spain, feemed at that time very precarious, there is little room to doubt but that the Caribbs were fpirited to this conduct by the governors otthe neighbouring French illrtnds.

In confequence of this Contuma-

regiments fhould be 1”" fent from North America to join about an equal number that were either already at St. Vincent’s, or

[*F] 4 that