deed upon the tit-ll coming of the Tartars into this peninfula, the fo- wereign refidence was at Kollof, but h re they remained not long. Under the late khan Schagin Ghirei, it was held at Kefirla, the ancient The- odolia, which is 15 verlls dillant from Elki-Krim, {aid to be the Cim- merium of the ancients.

The principal cities or towns of the Krimea are :

Bachtfchi-Sarai, an extenfiite and ‘wealthy city, lying in a vale be- tween two high mountains, and iurrouxided by a number ofgardens. from this circumllance it has its name ; Bachtfchi fignifying, in the Tartarian language, a garden, and Sarai, a palace. It formerly con- tained 3000 houfes, and many {ump- tuous medfcheds. The palace of the khans, with its gardens and ponds, were much improved under the government of khan Kerim Gi- rei, under uthole government the lall "furkilh ‘war took its rife. In this palace is the burial place of all the kltans of Krintea, wherein all the lzhans that have reigned here lie interred. The fine Krimlltoi vines, with their large clufters of grapes, grout in great plenty all about this town, and a profulion ofothcr deli- cious Quits, from xvhence the neigh- bouring parts of Rufiia are llupplied.

Keffa, the prefent refidence ofthe khans, {lands on the lhore of a large harbourin the Black Sea. Its lite is on the declivity of a long ridge of mountains, and is mantled by a {tone wall, Fortified by feveral towers, and encoznpalled by a deep ditch. On both fides of the city formerly flood callles, and in the middle of them a lofty turret, for the purpole oFgiving fignals by fire. Before the wall u=ere xvitie extended fttburbs, containing, among other



confiderable buildings, rnedfcheds, churches for the Greek and Arme- nian worfhip, of all which now only the vefliges remain. The calllea and towers lie alfo in ruins, and not one third part of the houfes of the city itfelf are now remaining, and thofe chiefly built of materials ta- ken from the aforefaid ruins. They formerly reckoned Kefla to contain 4.000 houfes, including the fuburbs, with a number of medfcheds and Chrillian churches ; but this number has been much diminifhed by the lall Turkifh war.

I perceived in the walls of the houfes a great many blocks ‘and {labs of marble, with infcriptions and eniigns armorial, chiiTeled in the time of the Genoefe. The prefent inhabitants confiil moltly of Tar- tars, who carry on a trade, by no means inconfiderable, in commo- dities brought from Turkey. The late khan, an intelligent and en- lightened perfonage, made this city the place of his refidence, and brought hither the mint from Eacht- fchifarai, built himfelf a palace, and erected a divan, which affair- bled three times a week, and the fourth time was held in the palace of the khan, in which he always perfonally aflifted. Here is alfo a cuflom-houfe, the management of which is farmed out.

Karafubafar, likewife a very rich city in former times, {lands at the beginning of the mountains, about half-way between Keffa and Bacht- fchifarai. It is a large trading town, contains a confiderable num- ber of dwelling-houlies and med- fcheds, but the greatell part ofthem in decay, and many fine gardens.

This place the molt famous in all .i

the Iirim for its trade in hories, and has a market once a week "for? that article