106 THE nvnzuax BUDDHIST.

expression in outward action. In the savage, on the other hand, these a 1; inhibitory or restraining rpoxwrers are almost entirely absent, so that. f d‘ his appetites and desires are immediately, so far as circtimstanceg c< permit, translated into corresponding action. Let us take a concrete i‘ c: example. If ttpon ‘a hot summer ’s_ day, after a long walk in the sun, tr. two men in your absence were introduced into your house, one of i. K them “a civilised, cultivated Frenchman or Englishman or Btzrman, b< and the other an uncultivated savage from the jungle; and upon a _ n; table there they found standing a glass full of cool refreshing sherbet; ‘<11 the savage would be almost certain at once to seize the vessel of t1 cooling liquid and gulp it down without a n1oment’s hesitation. No-i u thing of the nature of what we would call conscious thought would t ir passthrough his elementary mind; yet the process that took place it there could be put into these xvords: ‘l am parched uiiththirst. 'l‘here a stands something that ‘will relieve my thirst. Let me take it and i g2 drink it.’ That is all thathappens in him. With the civilised man. » 01 however it is quite otherwise. He also feels in swift unconscious fa- i‘ l>< shioir: ‘I amyery thirsty. There lies what xvill relieve nfy thirst. j U‘ a But instead of the unconscious thought-process continuing; Let me I hi take it andfirink it,’ it runs something like this: T his sherbet be- , sc longs to the owner of the house. lH€ may want it for himself or for i" some one else u'ho is thirsty. I will wait and ask his permission to P‘

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drink it.’ rXnd the civilised man sits there quietly until you make i i C?‘ your appearance when he tells _vou of his thirsty condition and asks U‘ you to be kind enough to give him. something to relieve it. In him, u‘

you see, there are at work potntegsof which the savage knows almost .i d‘

nothing; and the measure of the difference between a civilised man i i a]

and a savage is just the measure of lthe presence or absence of these a1

inhibitory powers, these pouteis that hold a man hack from giving z , d‘

his appetites immediate eigpression in action. In the savage these U‘

powers are very, very feeble and in bad working order; in the eiivilised » Oi

Frenchman or Englishman RBunnan, they are fairlystrong and in Pl

good working” order. Now the peculiar effect of alcohol ~upou the i i d‘

human brain: seems to be that it temporarily weakens, sometimes t - ti‘

ever: paralyses, these inhibitory powers. For the {time being, as it a w

were, it throws out of “sinking order the brake of the human imotor- 31‘-

ear so that it runs violently’ deem-hill with nothing to check its cotirse. a 13'

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While under theiinfluence of alcohol, the; power in a civilised man'$ ~