ficent socialism is a friendly omen, and the swelling cry of voices for the education of the people indi- cates that Government has other offices than those of banker and executioner. Vvitness the new move- ments in the civilized world, the Communism of France, Germany, and Switzerland; the Trades’ Unions , the English League against the Corn Laws; and the whole Industrial Statistics, so called. In Paris, the blouse, the badge of the operative, has begun to make its appearance in the saloons. Wit- ness too the spectacle of three Communities which have within a very short time sprung up within this Commonwealth, besides several others under- taken by citizens of Massachusetts within the ter- ritory of other States. These proceeded from a variety of motives, from an impatience of many usages in common life, from a wish for greater free- dom than the manners and opinions of society per- mitted, but in great part from a feeling that the true oficices of the State, the State had let fall to the ground; that in the scramble of parties for the public purse, the main duties of government were omitted,—the duty to instruct the ignorant, to silpply‘ the poor with work and with good guidance. These communists preferred the agricultural life as the most favorable condition for human culture; but they thought that the farm, as we manage it, did not satisfy the right ambition of man. The