to jufiify or palliate the arbitrary conduit of Charles I. by appealing to precedents drawn from the reign of Henry VIII. as it would be to vindicate any illegal or unconltitutional practices of the prefent reign by an appeal to the direful precedents of the latter days of Charles II. In the beginning of the feventeenth century the maxims of the reign of Henry VIII. were become obliolete. Men were accufiomed to another mode of government. Their minds were occu- pied by the recolleEiion of the glorious and profperous times of Elizabeth, when uninter- rupted affeflion and harmony fubfilted between the fovereign and the people: and if the prero- gative was occafionally exerted in an irregular and arbitrary manner, thofe very exertions were feen or were thought at lealt to be neceflary, and no appreheniions were entertained that they were the refult of a fixed and preconcerted plan to enllave the nation. Charles I. was a tyrant as well as Henry VIII. but he attempted the part at a period far more unfavorable to the fuccefs of his defigns. Mr. Hume pretends that the cir- cumflances in which he was placed were in the higheft degree critical; and plaufibly apologizes for him by faying, that his capacity was not equal to fituations of fuch extreme delicacy. But his fituation at the commencement of his reign was not to be compared, in point of difliculty, with C 3 . that