that of Elizabeth. In the progrefs of it, indeed, it mufi be confeffed that he frequently involved himlelf by his own imprudence, or rather infa- tuation, in circumflances of fuch extreme difli- culty, that had he even pollelled the capacity of Elizabeth, he could not have extricated himfelf with honor. But it iiurely required nothing more than a common {hare of common fenfe, to fee that the temper of the times would not endure even thofe {tretches of prerogative which were thought necefiary, or excufable at leafi in the

days of Elizabeth; much lels any wanton or novel exertions of power; and leall of all, would

it bear an open and almolt avowed deiign, to reduce the nation to a {late of fuch abject and unreferved fubmiflion, that if it had liucceeded, Mr. Hume might indeed have had reafon fulfi- cient for his alliertion, refpefiting the relemblance of the Englilh government to that ofTurkey.

It mufl, without doubt, greatly furprife thofe who conceive of Queen Elizabeth, as a Princefs poilelled of defpotic authority, which is the idea Mr. Hume labours to inculcate, to be made ac- quainted with many circumflances of her conduct and management during the courfe of her reign. In the very commencement of it, the odious and fanguinary inltruments of her fiflefs cruelties efcaped with impunity, becaufe they had acted‘

underthe fanfilion of the law. So mild were the maxims