72 'l‘ERRE-S'l'lll.-\l. ADAVFATTONS.

tions. ()ur fields are covered with herbs from Holland, and roots from Germany ; with Flemish farming and Swedish turnips; our hills with forests of the firs of Norway. The chestnut and poplar of the south of Europe adorn our lawns, and below them flourish shrubs and flowers from every clime in profusion. In the mean time Arabia improves our horses, China our pigs, North America our poultry, Spain our sheep, and almost every country sends its dog. The products which are ingredients in our luxuries, and which we cannot naturadize at home, we raise in our colonies; the cotton, cofiee, sugar of the east are thus transplanted to the farthest west; and man lives in the middle of a rich and varied abundance which depends on the facility with which plants and animals and modes of culture can be transferred into lands far removed from those in which nature had placed them. And this plenty and variety of material comforts is the companion and the mark of advantages and improvements in social life, of progress in art and science, of activity of thought, of energy of purpose, and of asceildency of character.

The differences in the productions of different

countries which lead to the habitual intercourse

of nations, and through this to the benefits which we have thus briefly noticed, do not all depend upon the differences of temperature and clinlate alone. But these diflerentres are zunong the