l of his great practical experience in? wisely guiding the future railwayl policy 0t‘ the Province upon which so much depends.


Immediately upon the extinguish-K, _

ment of the H. B. Com pany’s title, the i Canadian government, to efiect a civil organization for that part of this iin-l

mense area of some 1,000,000 squaref '

miles lying west from the bound- ary of the Province of Ontario, and going west along the northern' boundary line of the United States to British Columbia, in longitude 120 west of Greenwich, thence north to the Arctic Ocean, has for the purpose of organizing a Dominion governmental supervision, been divided into THREE DEPARTMENTS.

The oldest and smallest of these is the Province of Manitoba, the merest frac- tion of this great space-only some 14,- 340 square miles-being about 120 miles east and westfby 100 miles north and south. Then comes the district of i


which extends from the western boun- , daries of Ontario, above mentioned, up ' to the eastern boundary of Manitoba‘ and along to the north of it to the one hundredth parallel f longitude (west of Greenwich) and n rth to the Arctic. , This region was made a district in ’76, with the present governor of Manitoba as ex-oficio governor. As yet it hast


or winter—their strength continues and

no located seat of government, but its‘ governmental business is transacted at ~ Winnipeg. This is a region of i


with but little prairie or table landed All the rest of this great section lying ' west of Keewatin and Manitoba, and extending west to the eastern boundary 01:‘ British Colhmbia, is embraced in t e ,


in which a government was organized

in i516 with Hon. David Laird asl Lieut. (iovernor. He, with his coun- cil, reside at the new seat oi‘ gov-l

eminent at Battleford, which is charm- l ingly located at the junction of Battle i River with the north branch of the’ Saskatchewan. Here same twenty

overnment buildings are erected

esides, of course, many buildings be-‘ longing to private individuals, stores, (lwelltngs, etc. Branches of the differ- ent church missionary establishmentsl will he established there. Fort Pelley is the headquarters of the teriitoiigl mounted police, a very efficient semi- military organization, that are sta-l tioiied at. ilillerent posts along the national boundary and through the various Indian tribes alongthe frontier. 'I‘lie country embraced in this territory may he truthfully called the


With a pure atmosphere, a genial, healthful climate of eiirly springtimes and soft, hazy autumns; with dry and steady winters and light snow falls; with streams and springs of the purest water; with no malaria, because there i4 nothing to ilevelopse it. The earth, sky, wnur and altitude are all (antiser- vatory of health, insuring newcomers,

froni ilistnnt lands even, against. the ilfddvliliilillig sickness attendant upon their coining into more southern iind

le~s perfi-r-tly’ situated sections, while heii- iii this health-giving nir summer

improves, from their arrival. This great territory is also

l THE LAND OF MAGNIFICENT PRAIRIES and great rivers, with fine navigation

from the eastern almost to the further western and northwestern boundaries, by the Saskatchewan which with the Peace, Athabasca and McKensie, whose navigable waters, running through the

northwest and center to the western . Arctic, furnish ready routes of transpor- . tation. Two steamers are now running

on the Saskatchewan and another one is on the way for the Athabasca. These boats of course are but the pioneers, the half-awakening dreams, preceding a soon coming, actual fleet that w-ill tra- verse these rivers. With the already

ifinished telegraph line across it, and

ofiicially located and soon-to be built railway, civilization—already there in a measure-will soon enter more large- ly, being already supplied with every modern means of communication and transit into this


with great forest tracts along its east- ern, western and northern borders and another great h dy tnrough almost its

centre, between the Saskatchewan and

Athabasca; while a liberal growth of timber ‘skirts the scores 0f lesser

streams, with valleys oi‘ proportionate ‘and even greater beauty and fertility.

There are GREAT com. FIELDS

also in this Territory. Explorations have shown that north oi the 59th par- allel there are fully smtooo square miles underlnid by true coal, while on the north and south branches of the Saskiitch-wan, Battle River, Red, Deer and other streams in its middle and southern port, are extensive deposits of eonl in strut i of from two and u. linlf to twelve feet thick. 1mm) AND IltHN,

and other mineral deposits of great ex- lent and flPllllfflr-i. are u‘so known to

exist there. The richness of the gold fields along the eastern as well as west- ern part of the Rocky Mountains, from latitude 50 to 55, is well established and long known.


or claims to all this section, as has been before mentioned, have all been satisfactorily purchased or settled. The uniform good faith kept by the British and Canadian governments in all of their treaties with the Indians has been as honorably maintained by these forest children, and I have yet to learn of the first instance of their ever committing any out: age upon peace- ably disposed persons. On the con- trary, their re cord of kindness andas- sistance to suffering white men is large and instances numerous. These trea- ties were made with the Indians in this section in 1871, '72, "73, '74, '75 '76, and '77, are known as treaties one to seven, respectively, and were mostly made under Governor Morris.


In view of the statements already made and the facts that follow concern- ing this


that comes sweeping down through this great section and Province, and south into the States, as will be shown hereafter, I deem it best that the reasons should be given righthere, why this so call ed belt should continue, as it already has become-nearly up to the boundary line-the great highway along which the homes, farms, towns and cities will stretch continuously across ihe continent; and to further ex- plain, what may cause debate or he condemned without examination, this actual/no! wants to he borne in mind. It is tliut the great

MIDDLE BELT on zoiva in which is fiund most of the intellect,

and that crowning result of the high-