In fact,I do not believe there is a single acre of poor land in this Prov- ince.


of this country are large and varied enough to show that it possesses un- usual wealth of soil. From the returns of last years crops the following showing was reached, although lessened by various cause. frcm that of previous years, some of which were local and some general, but mostly peculiar to that year. Among these were the very heavy rains that caught the wheat just as it was ripening. The fi-llowing yields per acre was the showing made as above named: Wheat from 25 to 35 bushels, average 32% bu.; Barley 40 to 45, average 42% bu.; Oats 40 to 60, average 51 bu.; Peas 25 to 35, average 32% bu.; Potatoes average 229 bu.; Turnips 662 bu.

Though these reports may all be true, I am satisfied that on wheat at least, they are too high fcr a full aver- age of the Province, for they had very bad weather for their wheat harvest, and from a general inquiry made per- sonally, I judge 20 bushels as nearer a Provincial wheat average, though I

have nothing tending to reduce the.

average of the other grains and deem that they may be correct, as they ma ture rather earlier than wheat. The rest average I predict rather under than over the usual yield. Aside from the above enumerations, individual cases are not rare in this same section of wheat yielding 60 bushels irom one bushel of seed; 100 bushels of oats to the acre have also been raised, and barley as high as 60 bushels, weighing from 50 to 55 pounds to the bushel. This I am ready to believe, for all 0t these grains are of great weight. Po-

tatoes have yielded as high as 600i

bushels to the acre and,‘ of a quality unsurpassed, as are all the root crops. Turnips have yielded as high as 1000 bushels per acre, 500jto 700 being quite common. Corn does very well here though not made much of a crop. Flax and hemp do well here, but there

being as yet no market, either] fori

home use or export, owing to present high frerghts, but little is raised.


do splendidly, rarticularly timothy and herdsgrass, though the native

grass is good enough, either for feed-.

ing or lawn purposes. In fact the light autumn rains do not soak outthe nutritive properties of the native grass, and in winter the cattle will turn from the hay ricks to eat the naturally ripened grass underneath the light snow-falls of this section. Cabbage-s grow to an enormous size and mature quickly, so do cauli

flower and celery; the latter being large, white and linr-llavorerl. Cucum- bers. oriions and rhubarb attain great perfection and yield. Lettuce grows with acrlspiiess unsurpassed. Melons and tomatoes do well, particularly the latter. Wild hops grow in profusion about the lakes and streams. are in general use amour: the settlers and have also been suciressfully need b}. the local brewers. lint ofthe prcilucts of the soil


The amount rain-d in the Province last year was about Lliiililliil bilfilifflfii ofagerieral average of o1’. pounds to the bushel, while large llelils were raised in which the average weight was even more than this. (lire Iii-id had aslraight average cl 41H r-ourids to the bushel arid another lield iif Qoilo bushels averaged iii; pi iruds. producing

46 and 42:} pounds of flour to the bushel. The wheat, bushel for busbehproduces a much larger per cent of middlings or "patent process" than the wheat of Minnesota. This is the peculiar prop- erty of the Minnesota spring wheat, which has already given the flour of that State the supremacy in the eastern States and on the London market, making it in that city in price the peer of the flour of any country or mills that are brought to that great


Large as was the amount produced last year, considering the agricultural age and high priced export facil- ities, save to the surrounding and newer portions west, it is enough to Fllpply the home demand, as well as considerable for seed and ship- merit; but the increased acre- age and present fine prospecls go to show a large increase over last years products. 'l‘l'ie same may be said of other crops. Though only a few small shipments of wheat and llour have yet been made to the Canadian markets fr: in Mariitrbzr, still they have been si lliizieirt to give established quota- tioiis ovc-r the wheat from any other secliiin arid they will readily take any sirrplus this l’rri\‘in(‘8 may have in the ciiinii-g \P2US. Though it is seeming- ly (‘Ill iii from lhe markets of the Slates. by the tor lish tariilgilt on by the I'nlliil Sialrs 0f ‘Jilrflnlfl per bu.. gold, still its gri-at vu-ight arid superi- ority have uttiar-teil the atti-riliou of the (‘liii-ago ariil lililiyaukr-ii wheat dealers to "grailr- up" tlie poorer vi-heat

ll p WW H m“ “W, \\ \i\\i.\ llllllllll/l - ii iii. i . i l i‘ i I f; \ r :iiiiiiiliiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii‘v l iii. llllliil llllil “l” l f ||llllllillllliiiiiillllllll i‘ i llmflllllllll|l|llil||ll|l|llill|lllillllilllfllli i Hllflllllllll iiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii iii mmilll|lllllii|Ii‘|]|||[|llllJ iiiiiiiiiiiii ~ """"ll Illll | W, “Mi ‘ii llll o u, l“ ‘m: lll\l i‘ I q i‘ l‘ iii ii i , i ii . i ll i i‘ i‘ i *'“ " l i‘ a i l‘ Jiii" " . ' ~ I N Film‘, I l x , v . ,i ii , lllyililill , . ii .i..i i ii iii i= __i ‘iiiiii ' ' ' I ' i iip ‘ullqillillllllllillllll‘liiiilil‘i,Vi‘ n"Hm"iflllfl|||iu;“Wllllillllllillllli" ‘rm,lllllllilllllblfllliyuti‘HM! "VIII-ll i] i ii y B i iiiiii u! . imlij . . lily i gi ' l llliiiil . iiii. il i ‘r I ii t h I i ll u llliiilii ‘i m. l: rllruuuriuniniuirnruililuuiiuiiriiiluiuuruiuurinlllulw‘ninillllllulll iiiiriiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiiii lllllllllllllll lllllllllllllll m lllui llllllllllll lllml , _ |||]]l|lllllllllllllllfllin] I ii ii filllll . _ i ,i ii ii , iiiiii II ma; p‘ WI 5 | r inn-i L i i ,. i . illil l rim v , - l lij ‘l j i liiil ii‘ v I _ L

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of more Southern localitiesthat comes to those cities for a market. So there is no doubt but that as the proper rail- way and other shipping facilities are opened (for Manitoba is nearer lake navigation at Duluth than Kansas is to Chicago) the wheat of Manitoba will go largely to those markets in the States, even though this high and un- just tariff is not done away with.

It would seem that

But, while according so much space to wheat, enough has been given t0 show that


is fully remunerative, that all kinds of cereals are sure, while vegetables yield almost fabulously and ot‘ unsur- passed excellence. Data enough have been given and are easily attainable to show that one need not tear to plant in this generous soil any cereal or reg- eta ble 1:10p, as the general success is undoubted. There is no section where grains of all kinds yield so bountiful- ly, and the cri ps, year after year, so umjformlyfrzll. Herein lies the great


Profitable (rmimnts raisin! every year. The crop products heretofore Bp( ken (if have been those raised in Manitoba, lint this fact wants to be borne in mind: ll at the turllur westward you go up the valley of the Saskatchewan, the earlier are the springs 811d longer the seasons. Settlements that have already gone in that srction sustain this assertion, while the productive-