Adapting Canadian Work and Workplaces to Respond to Climate Change

100,000+ Jobs: Getting Albertans back to Work by Building a Low-Carbon Future
The report states that “Alberta has the potential to create over one hundred and forty-five thousand new jobs — 46,780 jobs in renewable energy, 68,400 jobs in energy efficiency, and 30,000-40,000 jobs in mass transit.” It provides case studies and makes policy recommendations.
A Green Economic Stimulus Package to Secure our Current and Future Prosperity
We propose at least $15 billion in targeted investments that will create over 160,000 jobs this year in areas such as clean energy and transportation, and green infrastructure and households. These activities will generate immediate economic returns – at least on par with other stimulus options – while reducing environmental impacts hat cost Canada billions each year. We have researched a broad range of potential stimulus measures put forward by international and Canadian organizations and experts. Each was tested against a series of economic and environmental criteria, which essentially ask two questions: (i) will it provide maximum economic bang for the buck (using basically the same criteria as Finance does); and (ii) will it also generate significant environmental benefits (based on a three part test)? Our results were reviewed by some of Canada’s top economic experts, and form the basis for our recommendations. Our three areas of focus are: Public (green infrastructure); Business (clean development and jobs), and Households (helping Canadians go green).
A Green Industrial Revolution: Climate Justice, Green Jobs and Sustainable Production in Canada
Marc Lee and Amanda Card acknowledge that transition to a zero carbon Canada will take several decades, and state that the principal challenge for Canada and all countries is to decouple the economy from fossil fuels. They calculate that only 9% of Canadian workers are employed in jobs related to fossil fuels and other "hot spots" of Canadian industry (including electricity generation, freight transportation and transportation services, chemical manufacturing, metal manu­facturing and agriculture), yet these sectors comprise 78% of industrial and commercial GHG emissions. The authors also calculate GHG emissions per worker in 14 industrial sectors in Canada. The report offers 12 recommendations for achieving zero carbon growth while creating and maintaining decent green jobs.
A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy
As the Government of Canada continues to protect and support Canadians through the COVID-19 pandemic, it is also important that the country look to the future. Canadians want to see a growing middle class where no one is left behind. They want a future where their kids and grandkids have access to clean air and water. That future is within reach. Collectively, Canada needs to accelerate climate action to get there. A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy is Canada's plan to build a better future. This plan builds on the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. It continues down the path that Canadians, their governments, and businesses have been setting. This plan is a cornerstone of the government's commitment in the 2020 Speech from the Throne to create over one million jobs, restoring employment to pre-pandemic levels. The plan includes 64 new measures and $15 billion in investments in addition to the Canada Infrastructure Bank's $6 billion for clean infrastructure announced this fall as part of its growth plan. A Healthy Environment and a Healthy Economy will make life more affordable for households. It will make Canadian communities more livable. And it will, at every turn, focus on workers and their careers in a fair and just transition to a stronger and cleaner economy. The plan will do this through five pillars
A Human Health Perspective On Climate Change
One purpose of this document is to identify research gaps to increase the understanding of climate change and health. Expanding our understanding of the often indirect, long-term, and complex consequences of climate change for human health is a high priority and challenging research task.
A Just and fair transition for Canadian coal power workers and communities: Final Report of the Task Force
The devastating impacts of climate change are becoming clearer each year. More frequent and intense floods, storms, fires, heat waves, and droughts are destroying communities and homes, and putting the lives and futures of Canadians at risk. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change's 2018 report on global warming of 1.5°C shows that our window to prevent the worst-case scenario is quickly closing. We do know what is causing climate change and we can do something about it. We need to reduce the amount of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions released into our environment. There are several ways in which we can accomplish this, including wasting less energy and investing in cleaner energy sources. Businesses, scientists, governments, communities, and individuals in Canada and around the world are beginning to prove that you can reduce GHG emissions, invest in reliable and affordable clean energy, create decent jobs, and have stable economies. Although coal-fired electricity has contributed significantly to Canada's economic past and present—and provided Canadians with affordable and reliable electricity and heat for many generations—it produces significant amounts of air pollutants and GHG emissions. It has well documented costs to human health and is a major contributor to climate change: approximately 20% of all GHG emissions in the world came from coal-fired electricity in 2013. Recognizing these facts, and supported by commitments in the 2015 Paris Agreement, Canada and other countries are intent on replacing coal-fired electricity with cleaner sources of fuel over the coming years and decades. In 2016, Canada committed to the phase-out of traditional coal-fired electricity across the country by 2030.
A Just and fair transition for Canadian coal power workers: What we heard from Canadian coal power workers and communities
On April 25, 2018, the Government of Canada launched the Task Force on Just Transition for Canadian Coal Power Workers and Communities. Our mandate was to provide the government with recommendations for how to support a just and fair transition for Canadian coal communities and workers, as Canada has committed to stop generating traditional coal-powered electricity by 2030. To develop our advice, we met directly with coal workers; coal communities; relevant stakeholder groups; and, federal, provincial, and municipal government departments. Together, we: travelled to all four affected provinces toured seven facilities hosted eight public sessions visited fifteen communities met with more than 80 stakeholder groups We received a wealth of information, heard real challenges, and learned about local ideas and solutions. While there are considerable differences across the country, community members and workers shared common concerns about impacts from the phase-out, including job losses, income security, re-training and re-employment, strained municipal budgets, and the social impacts of transition. We also heard hope for what a just transition could mean for the creation of decent work and sustainable communities.
A New Union for a Challenging World: Unifor’s Vision and Plan
At the founding convention of the new union (a merger of the CAW and the Communications, Energy and Paperworkers Union), Unifor promises to oppose the export of raw bitumen and the construction of massive pipelines, advocating for more “made in Canada” inputs and processing. It pledges to work with environmental allies to advocate for a Canadian energy policy which reduces GHG emissions, ensures a sustainable development of the oil sands and promotes value-added jobs in upgrading and refining petroleum products.
A Plan for green buildings, jobs and prosperity for Ontario
This report looks at how Ontario could replace fossil gas for everything from home heating to industrial uses as part of a plan to dramatically reduce Ontario's greenhouse gas emissions. It also outlines how embracing a pathway toward reducing gas use can create good green jobs in Ontario in everything from home retrofits to deploying renewable energy. It explains various mechanisms that can be used to make this pathway economically and environmentally successful for Canada's largest province.
Achieving Public Policy Objectives through collective agreements: The Project Agreement Model for public construction in British
From the authors: "The Construction of the $1.2 billion Vancouver Island Highway Project provided an opportunity for the building trades unions and the Government of BC to negotiate an innovative collective agreement that included union membership, training for local residents and members of equity groups, new employment opportunities for members of designated equity groups and a comprehensive health and safety program. The Project implemented the most comprehensive system of tracking progress in employment equity in BC’s history. By its completion, women, First Nations, persons with disabilities and visible minorities accounted for just under 20% of total hours worked in an industry where 2% representation is the norm. Over 94% of payroll went to local residents, ensuring their communities the benefits of this major capital project. Finally, the health and safety record was significantly better than on any comparable construction project. Far from being an impediment to the efficient and timely completion of this major construction project, the collective agreement made it possible to deliver training, employment opportunities and regional development." Archived at the Just Labour website at .
Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians
Compiles submissions from First Nations, business, NGOs, labour, youth and private citizens , organized into topics which include Employment and Labour, Social Justice, Indigenous Perspectives, Reinventing Cities, Renewable Energy Challenges, Youth, and more. Submissions were made in response to the first SCD consensus paper from March 2015: "Acting on Climate Change: Solutions from Canadian Scholars". Highlight papers from the responses: “The role of workers in the transition to a low-carbon economy ; “Protect the Environment by Doing More Work, Not Less”; and “Envisioning a Good Green Life in British Columbia: Lessons From the Climate Justice Project”.
Acting on Climate Change: Solutions from Canadian Scholars
“A scholarly consensus on science-based, viable solutions for greenhouse gas reduction”. Sixty academics from across Canada combined to urge policymakers to adopt a long-term target of at least an 80 % reduction in emissions by mid-century. “In the short-term, we believe that Canada, in keeping with its historical position of aligning with US targets, could adopt a 2025 target of a 26-28% reduction in GHG emissions relative to our 2005 levels.” Policy recommendations include, most immediately: Either a national carbon tax or a national economy-wide cap and trade program; elimination of subsidies to the fossil fuel industry ; and integration of sustainability and climate change into landscape planning at the regional and city levels so that maintenance and new infrastructure investments contribute to decarbonizing. The paper also advocates establishment of East-West smart grid connections to allow hydro-producing provinces to sell electricity to their neighbours; energy efficiency programs, and a “transportation revolution”. Also available in French, as Agir sur les changements climatiques,
An Insecure Future: Canada's biggest public pensions are still banking on fossil fuels
Two of Canada's biggest public pension plans could lead the way toward a global transition to a greener, more sustainable economy, but their commitments to climate action may be more talk than walk. The Canada Pension Plan and the Caisse de dépôt et placement du Québec say they are serious about tackling climate change, however, they continue to bank on fossil fuels, this Corporate Mapping Project report shows. The Canada Pension Plan has increased its shares in fossil fuel companies since Canada signed the Paris Agreement in 2016 and while the Quebec plan has slightly decreased its fossil fuel shares in the same period, it has over 52 per cent more fossil fuel shares than the Canada Pension Plan. The investment patterns of both plans do not reflect the urgent action needed to address the scale of the climate crisis. Both are heavily invested in member companies of the Canadian Association of Petroleum Producers, which has a history of obstructing the necessary transition away from fossil fuels required for Canada to meet the targets set out in the Paris Agreement. The authors question why the fund managers of these public pension plans are investing in companies that are actively derailing necessary climate action. The report includes recommendations for Canadian public pension fund trustees and investment boards and for the federal and provincial governments regarding how Canadians' pension funds should be invested.
Building An Ontario Green Job Strategy: Ensuring the Climate Change Action Plan creates good Jobs where they are needed most
The report focuses on the building sector provisions within Ontario’s Climate Change Action Plan (June 2016), providing job creation forecasts from the reinvestments of energy cost savings into the economy. It also discusses Just Transition issues, and highlights the examples of community benefits agreements and high road agreements, which ensure job quality. The report was written by Glave Communications for the Clean Economy Alliance , Environmental Defence, and Blue Green Canada , “with the participation of the United Steelworkers, UNIFOR, Clean Energy Canada, the Toronto Atmospheric Fund, the Toronto and York Region Labour Council, the Labour Education Centre, the Columbia Institute, Canadian Solar Industries Association, Ontario Sustainability, the Registered Nurses Association of Ontario, and Evergreen.”
Building Ontario's Green Economy: a Road Map
The brief report compiles policy recommendations for a variety of different sectors, including agriculture, construction, manufacturing, transportation, waste management. It calls upon the government to enact these policies urgently.
Building the green economy: Employment effects of green energy investments for Ontario
Widely cited study. Estimates of job creation are given for 2 alternative investment scenarios for the province: 1) a baseline program of $18.6 billion invested in conservation and demand management; hydroelectric power; on-shore wind power; bioenergy; waste energy recycling; and solar power over 10 years, and 2) a more ambitious $47.1 billion 10-year investment program, also investing in off-shore wind power and a smart grid electrical transmission system. Recommendations include ways for the province to maximize the quantity and quality of those jobs.
Buy Clean: How Public Construction Dollars Can Create Jobs and Cut Pollution
Construction materials— including aluminum, cement, steel, and wood— are in nearly everything we build and a vital economic backbone for Canada. Given the scale of our built infrastructure and how long we expect our roads, bridges and wastewater systems to last, what we build with matters. Our buildings account for 13% of Canada's greenhouse gas emissions and when you add in our built infrastructure, you get a hefty portion of our carbon footprint. How we spend on public construction can create jobs and help to cut pollution. This crucial part of our Canada's economic recovery is detailed in Blue Green Canada's latest report. The good news for us: when it comes to the carbon footprint of these construction materials, Canada has a unique advantage. Thanks in large part to our country's clean electricity grid (which is now 82% emissions-free), goods produced here often have a smaller carbon footprint than those produced elsewhere. When you combine this with the efficiency of our manufacturers and the fact that it's less polluting to ship materials across a land border than across an ocean, it becomes clear that Canada's advantage is also its opportunity. Canada's target of achieving net-zero emissions by 2050 requires substantial carbon reductions across all economic sectors. Changing the way we look at public infrastructure can unlock previously overlooked pollution reduction opportunities while simultaneously supporting Canadian manufacturers and creating the conditions for them to thrive in the low-carbon global marketplace.
Can Canada Expand Oil and Gas Production, Build Pipelines and Keep Its Climate Change Commitments?
This study assesses the consequences of several scenarios of expansion in the oil and gas sector in terms of the amount that the non–oil and gas sectors of the economy would need to reduce emissions to meet Canada’s Paris commitments. It finds Canada cannot meet its global climate commitments while at the same time ramping up oil and gas extraction and building new export pipelines. The study also reviews existing pipeline and rail capacity for oil exports under the cap on oil sands emissions announced last year by the Alberta government (set at 100 million tonnes (Mt) per year) and finds Canada has enough capacity to handle the 45% increase in oil sand production this would entail. It also takes a close look at oil price trends, and finds that new pipelines with tidewater access are unlikely to confer a significant price premium, as is widely believed.
Canada's Energy Sector: Status, evolution, revenue, employment, production forecasts, emissions and implications for emissions reduction
This report by veteran earth scientist David Hughes analyzes the state of the oil and gas sector in Canada and finds that while production is increasing, jobs and revenues paid to government are decreasing. The report finds the oil and gas sector alone will cause Canada to fail to meet its Paris Agreement target of a 40 per cent reduction by 2030, set by Prime Minister Trudeau at President Biden's recent climate summit Hughes finds the sector will also cause Canada to miss its "net zero" target by 2050 as laid out in Bill C-12. It details how the sector no longer contributes like it once did to government revenues in Canada, and jobs in the sector are down by more than 50,000 from their 2014 peak and are unlikely to return—even with production at record highs. The report concludes that continuing on the country's current path for the oil and gas sector makes meeting Canada's emissions-reduction targets impossible. It recommends a stark change in direction to meet the targets, including a rethink of oil and gas exports and the development of a plan for the future that includes a just transition for workers. It also finds that planned expansions of the TMX and Line 3 pipelines are not needed because Canada already has enough pipeline capacity to transport the amount of oil the Canada Energy Regulator is projecting for export through 2050.
Canada's Fourth Biennial Report on Climate Change
Canada is pleased to present its Fourth Biennial Report to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). Since Canada's last National Communication and Biennial Report1, Canada has continued to implement its national climate change plan, the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change (the Pan-Canadian Framework), and work towards reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions across the economy. Canada welcomes this opportunity to highlight its international emission reduction targets, as well as ongoing mitigation efforts, emissions trends and projections, and international climate finance contributions.
Canada's Net Zero Future: Finding our way in the global transition
Canada has committed to reach net zero greenhouse gas emissions by 2050, and we have many ways to get there. Canada's Net Zero Future does not recommend any specific path to the 2050 goal. Instead, it provides a clear analysis of Canada's options, significant drivers within and outside of Canada's control, and the conditions that are likely to influence success.
Canada's Second Biennial Report on Climate Change
This report presents projections of greenhouse gas emissions in Canada to the years 2020 and 2030, by sector. It also provides information on actions undertaken to address climate change,both federal and provincial, with live links to documents cited in the summary. Also includes information about climate-related support provided to developing countries. This report is submitted every 2 years to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Canada’s Fossil-Fuelled Pensions: The Case of the British Columbia Investment Management Corporation
The report makes the following recommendations so that BCI can align its investments with the 2°C limit: 1. A portfolio-wide climate change risk analysis to determine the impact of fossil fuels on BCI’s public equity investments, and subsequent disclosure of all findings to pension members. 2. Divestment: freezing any new investment and developing a plan to first remove high-risk companies from portfolios, particularly coal and oil sands producers, and then moving toward sector-wide divestment.
Cap and Trade design principles for Canada
Six principles are outlined, one of which relates to the Oil Sands: "Canada’s oil sands development puts our country in a difficult position, since no other industrialized country faces a situation where it has such a large sector poised for rapid emissions growth. Oil sands will account for close to half (44 per cent) of the projected increase in total Canadian emissions between 2006 and 2020 in a “business-as-usual” scenario, and virtually all (95 per cent) of the projected increase in industrial emissions. The oil sands emissions must not be allowed to expand at this rate or corner the market on allowances to achieve this. The impact on the rest of the economy could be devastating, effectively driving other carbon intensive industries out of business."
Carbon Markets After Paris: Trading in Trouble
Since the early 1990s, "putting a price on carbon" has been, perhaps, the primary policy proposal for fighting climate change by reducing greenhouse gas emissions. Whether through carbon taxes or cap-and-trade emissions trading schemes (ETS), proponents of carbon pricing see it as a way to guide investment toward green solutions without the need for governments to intervene directly in the economy. ETSs, in particular, have been favored by businesses and neoliberal policy makers seeking to limit emissions without disrupting business-as-usual. For these reasons, great expectations are being placed on ETSs. The climate agreement, signed by the nations of the world in Paris in December, enshrines ETSs as a key mechanism for limiting emissions. But are ETSs effective instruments for reducing emissions? And how should trade unions approach debates around cap-and-trade policies? It has been a decade since the European Union established the world's largest ETS, so there is plenty of evidence available for a reevaluation of trade union positions on cap-and-trade. In the long aftermath of the 2008-9 financial crisis, the price on greenhouse gas emissions in the EU cap-and-trade emissions trading schemes has been too low to incentivize investors to move away from fossil fuels. The European Trade Union Confederation (ETUC)—a supporter of the EU ETS—has called for policies that would raise the cost of emissions while also expressing concern about "carbon leakage," where companies move polluting activities (and associated jobs) to jurisdictions without price constraints on pollution. Such a position threads the needle of trade union debates around the EU ETS without resolving the underlying tensions—nor, it should be noted, shifting EU policy in any appreciable way. With the Paris Agreement giving an even more prominent role to cap-and-trade, unions around the world are likely to face similar debates. In this TUED Working Paper, Sean Sweeney, the director of the International Program for Labor, Climate and the Environment at CUNY's Murphy Institute, argues that it is time for unions to reevaluate their stance on cap-and-trade policy. Market-based solutions may be appealing to business interests and their political allies, but it's going to take direct governmental action to guide a transition to a just, democratic, and sustainable energy system. The now battered neoliberal consensus finds public and democratic ownership and control of a key economic sector to be anathema, but it is precisely what is needed if we are serious about combating climate change.
Chapter 9: Human Health from "Climate Change Impacts in the United States: The Third National Climate Assessment"
Chapter 9 of the landmark 3rd National Climate Assessment deals with human health impacts of climate change. Taking climate change as a global public health issue, the chapter states: "Key drivers of vulnerability include the attributes of certain groups (age, socioeconomic status, race, current level of health – see Ch. 12: Indigenous Peoples for examples of health impacts on vulnerable populations) and of place (floodplains, coastal zones, and urban areas), as well as the re-silience of critical public health infrastructure. Multi-stressor situations, such as impacts on vulnerable populations following natural disasters that also damage the social and physical infrastructure necessary for resilience and emergency response, are particularly important. Discusses heat stress in general, not as an occupational hazard.
Climate Change and Labour: Impacts of Heat in the Workplace
The report identifies heavy labour and low-skill agricultural and manufacturing jobs as the most susceptible to heat changes caused by climate change. India, Indonesia, Pakistan, Cambodia, Nigeria, Burkina Faso and part of West Africa are the countries most at risk. Quoting the IPCC’s 5th Assessment Report, it states that “labour productivity impacts could result in output reductions in affected sectors exceeding 20% during the second half of the century–the global economic cost of reduced productivity may be more than 2 trillion USD by 2030.” Even if countries meet their Paris emissions reductions targets, rising temperatures may cut up to 10 percent of the daytime working hours in developing countries. On the human scale, the authors surveyed more than 100 studies in the last decade which document the health risks and labour productivity loss experienced by workers in hot locations. Several important indirect effects of heat stress are raised: alteration of work hours to avoid the heat of the day; the need to work longer hours to earn the same pay for those whose productivity falls due to heat stress, or suffer income loss; increased exposure to hazardous chemicals when workplace chemicals evaporate more quickly in higher temperatures; and possible exposure to new vector-borne diseases. The report calls for protection for workers , including low cost measures such as assured access to drinking water in workplaces, frequent rest breaks, and management of output targets, incorporating protection of income and other conditions of Decent Work.
Climate Change and the Australian Workplace: Final Report for the Australian Department of Industry
This report, inspired by the Canadian Work in a Warming World project at York University, covers a similar broad range of interest, acknowledging the importance of the world of work in producing, and thus, mitigating, carbon emissions. It seeks to describe the policies and attitudes and innovative reactions of Australian management and unions regarding climate change and greenhouse gas emission reduction. It also reports on labour market impacts of climate change. Section 4 is an analysis of the environmental clauses in Enterprise Agreements in Australia for 2009-2010, and for 2011-2012.
Climate Change, its Consequences on Employment and Trade Union Action: Training manual for workers and trade unions
The first module provides a broad overview of the causes and consequences of climate change globally. It is a general introduction to key concepts such as adaptation and mitigation. It also gives a broad overview of the economics and the international governance of climate change. The second module analyses in depth the potential consequences of climate change, and mitigation and adaptation measures on employment. The last module explores the way trade unions can contribute to climate change action from the international to the workplace level. The objective is to introduce briefly the main mechanisms in place, but particularly to underline the importance of civil society’s participation, namely workers and trade unions.
Climate Justice, green jobs and sustainability
The authors advocate a green social contract: "A “green social contract” would guide a government to prioritize both the environment and the well-being of its citizens in any decision-making process, and would include strategies for helping workers transition to green jobs and protect against widespread unemployment. “Just transition” packages should include education and training, income support and mobility allowances for workers who need assistance in changing careers. A coordinated strategy should bring in secondary, post-secondary and training/apprenticeship programs to ensure appropriate skills development."
Climate Plans Must Include Just Transition for Environment and Economy to Thrive
This press release coincides with the First Ministers' meetings in Vancouver, to encourage the politicians to follow through on the Just Transition provisions negotiated in the Paris Agreement. It provides a policy statement on necessary components of Just Transition, including the need for industry-supported transition funds and inclusion of all parties in crafting programs.
Climate Progress: Ontario's plan for a cleaner, more sustainable future. Annual Report 2009-2010
This annual report highlights the progress to date and steps planned to support Ontario's climate change goals and our vision of a clean and low carbon economy.
Climate change and our jobs: finding the right balance. Discussion paper for the CAW Canada - Quebec Joint Council. St. John's N
This report provides an overview of the issues of climate change, and a history of the CAW's positions and actions on environmental issues. It concludes with a statement of future intentions for bargaining and advocacy.
Community Energy Planning: the Value Proposition. Environmental, Health and Economic Benefits
The paper reports on Community Energy Planning activities and programs in Canada, with comprehensive economic analyses and case studies of six. The report states that more than 180 communities across Canada, representing over 50% of the population, live in communities with some community energy plan. The cities of Barrie and Hamilton, Ontario are given as examples: the study evaluated the long-term effects (over a period from 2008-2031) of maximizing cost-effective building energy efficiency retrofits and technologies and found that for every $1 million invested in building energy efficiency retrofits, over 9 person-years of permanent employment would be created within the province of Ontario. The Project Partners for this report were Community Energy Association, QUEST, and Sustainable Prosperity.
Create clean, green cities
Municipal solid waste services are fundamental to the quality of life in our communities, our health and our environmental future. The challenge is to continue to reduce the amount of residential waste we create, and to capture the value of any waste created as a public resource. We must also extend waste reduction and recycling practices to all commercial and industrial activity. We cannot keep digging and filling up holes with our garbage or releasing toxins from its disposal into our air and water. In order to meet these challenges municipalities must retain accountability, flexibility and control over their solid waste services. Contracting out garbage services means municipalities lose control and flexibility to implement waste diversion programs like recycling and composting.
Don't Delay: Methane Emission Restrictions Mean Immediate Jobs in Alberta
The report argues that methane regulations should be tightened immediately, rather than the current government proposal to wait till 2023- partly to reduce more GHG's, and partly because the potential to create jobs in a growing methane mitigation industry – up to 15,000 years of work over a decade – could be delayed or lost to U.S.-based competitors that have already begun developing new equipment or approaches in leading U.S. markets.
Employment Transitions and the Phase-Out of Fossil Fuels
New research from the Centre for Future Work demonstrates that with prudent long-term planning, the coming phase-out of fossil fuel production and use can be managed without causing unemployment for fossil fuel workers. Employment Transitions and the Phase-Out of Fossil Fuels, by Jim Stanford (Economist and Director of the Centre for Future Work) shows that fossil fuel industries directly account for 170,000 jobs in Canada – less than 1% of total employment. A 20-year phase-out of fossil fuels implies an annual reduction of fossil fuel employment of around 8,500 jobs annually: the number of jobs typically created by the Canadian economy every ten days.
Employment in Green Goods and Services - 2010
The first year of results for the Green Goods and Services survey, measuring the extent of green jobs in the U.S., using the BLS unique definition. A second report released in 2013 cumulates and adjusts this information.
Employment in Green Goods and Services - 2011
Results of the Green Goods and Services survey, using NAICS codes. This report cumulates the results from 2010 and 2011, the only years the survey was conducted.
Energy Transition: Are we winning?
Is the World Really Moving Away from Fossil Fuels? Examining the Evidence. During 2015 and 2016, a number of significant public and political figures have made statements suggesting that the world is "moving away from fossil fuels," and that the battle against greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) and climate change is therefore being won. Such statements are frequently accompanied by assurances that the transition to renewable energy and a low-carbon economy is both "inevitable" and already well underway, and that economic growth will soon be "decoupled" from dangerously high annual emissions levels. This optimism has also been accepted by a section of the environmental movement, and even by some unions.
Energy scenario: Employment implications of the Paris Climate Agreement
This report explores the potential employment and economic impacts of an EU transition to a low-carbon economy by 2030 – on the EU, and on other regions of the world. It analyses the impacts across sectors and occupations, with a particular focus on manufacturing. The report highlights that the impact of such a transition is positive for the EU as a whole, although with considerable variation between sectors. The positive impact on employment is largely due to the investment required to achieve this transition, along with the impact of lower spending on imported fossil fuels. The consequent shift in production has implications for labour market demand. The analysis provides information on sectoral impacts, together with the Warwick Labour Market Extension model for occupational analysis. Further analysis of the employment developments in Europe is undertaken using Eurofound's European Jobs Monitor.
Extended Producer Responsibility: CAW Health and Safety Fact Sheet
The Fact Sheet calls for extended producer responsibility, and links that concept to the "social responsibility of producers to ensure worker safety in all the workplaces throughout the product’s life cycle. Producers can be required to ensure that they source their raw materials from responsible companies and hold their suppliers to a high standard of environmental performance and worker safety."
Extracted Carbon: Re-examining Canada’s Contribution to Climate Change through Fossil Fuel Export
This study re-examines Canada’s contribution to global climate change in light of the Paris Agreement by looking at extracted carbon - the total amount of fossil fuels removed from Canadian soil that ends up in the atmosphere -whether used for domestic purposes, or exported and combusted elsewhere. It concludes that “Plans to further grow Canada’s exports of fossil fuels are thus contradictory to the spirit and intentions of the Paris Agreement. Growing our exports could only happen if some other producing countries agreed to keep their fossil fuel reserves in the ground. The problem with new fossil fuel infrastructure projects, like Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) plants and bitumen pipelines, is that they lock us in to a high-emissions trajectory for several decades to come, giving up on the 1.5 to 2°C limits of Paris.” It follows that “Canadian climate policy must consider supply-side measures such as rejecting new fossil fuel infrastructure and new leases for exploration and drilling, increasing royalties, and eliminating fossil fuel subsidies.” This paper updates and expands a 2011 Climate Justice Project publication, Peddling GHGs: What is the Carbon Footprint of Canada’s Fossil Fuel Exports?, co-authored with Amanda Card.
Facing fossil fuels' future: Challenges and Opportunities for Workers in Canada's Energy and Labour Transitions
Climate Action Network - Réseau action climat (CAN-Rac) Canada and Blue Green Canada launched their new joint report, Facing Fossil Fuels' Future: Challenges and Opportunities for Workers in Canada's Energy and Labour Transitions. Alarm bells are ringing louder and louder on the need to keep warming to 1.5°C to maintain a livable planet. This means stopping the expansion and scaling down production of oil and gas; a recent report in the journal Nature calculated that Canada needs to keep 83% of fossil fuels in the ground to keep 1.5°C within reach. Facing Fossil Fuels' Future explores the outlook for workers currently employed by the oil and gas industry under a 1.5°C-aligned pathway, and the new careers that need to be created within the decade to offer these workers opportunities in other sectors. Teika Newton, Managing Director of CAN-Rac Canada, shared an overview of the report alongside Jamie Kirkpatrick, Program Manager at Blue Green Canada, an alliance between Canadian labour unions, environmental and civil society organizations to advocate for working people and the environment. Meg Gingrich of United Steelworkers and Ken Bondy of Unifor shared their reflections on the topic.
Falling behind: Canada's lost clean energy jobs
Contributors: Gillian McEachern, Charles Campbell, Matt Price. BlueGreen Canada is a partnership of Environmental Defence and United Steelworkers. The report compares the government investment in clean energy jobs between Canada and the U.S. since Obama became President, and concludes that the lack of investment in Canada is creating thousands of lost jobs for Canadians. If Canada’s spending matched U.S. investment in renewable energy alone, an additional estimated 66,000 jobs would have been created. The actual job gap is much larger once energy efficiency and transportation investment are taken into account. The report suggests an improved path for Canada to try to bridge the jobs gap. Includes a bibliography.
Fossilized Finance: How Canada's banks enable oil and gas production
Despite Canada's climate change commitments, the country's "big five" banks continue to finance and support the expansion of fossil fuel industries. In fact, the extent of the banks' support since the oil price collapse in 2014 shows that this backing hinders Canada's progress on reducing emissions. These banks are perhaps the most powerful corporate entities in Canada, certainly among the largest and most profitable. They could be playing a crucial role to help Canada achieve its Paris Agreement commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030. The banking sectors in many other countries have committed to helping the world meet the goals of the Paris Agreement on climate change, but the big Canadian banks did not join in. This report explains why: Canada's big banks continue to rely on profits from financing the fossil fuel industry despite the danger those investments pose for the future of our planet.
Future skill needs for the green economy
"This publication is based on the Cedefop workshop on future skill needs for the green economy, which presented research results of several recent studies on green skills and green jobs, in Thessaloniki, on 6 and 7 October 2008. Case studies present emerging skill needs, the changing qualification needs in jobs for renewable energies and skill profiles in environment and eco-innovations. Climate change mitigation policies represent a serious challenge for education systems and employment in Europe. All occupations will need greening, with a spectrum from those new jobs focused solely on delivering green goods or services to those that will require more limited changes to improve energy efficiency and reduce resource use."
Getting Fit: How Ontario Became A Green Energy Leader and Why It Needs to Stay the Course
The report counts the Green Energy Act of 2009 as an overall success, estimating that it has created 91,000 direct and indirect solar sector jobs and 89,000 direct and indirect wind sector jobs. The report also provides results of an April 2016 opinion poll it commissioned, showing that 81 per cent of Ontarians support further development of renewable energy; 56 per cent see renewable energy as having a positive impact on the provincial economy, with only 19 per cent believing green energy will harm economic growth. The report also relies on calculations done by Power Advisory LLC to refute the frequent complaint about green energy policies: it states that new renewable energy additions accounted for just 9 per cent of the average residential power bill in 2014, and that other generation sources (nuclear in particular) and costs for upgrading and expanding the province’s power transmission system represent a far larger proportion of the average monthly power bill.
Getting it right: A Just Transition Strategy for Alberta's Coal workers
Following the Alberta government announcement that it will phase out coal-fired electricity by 2030, the Alberta Federation of Labour has called for workers' input on the transition. This report outlines the changes to the Alberta electricity generation sector;identifies and and discusses best practice case studies of coal transition; costs out the job losses associated with the phase out of coal-fired electricity generation; and recommends formation of an agency to oversee and implement the transition for workers and communities. The Coal Transition Coalition is led by the AFL and includes Canadian Energy Workers Association, CSU 52, International Brotherhood of Electrical Workers, Ironworkers Local 720 , Unifor, United Steelworkers, and United Utility Workers Association.
Global Climate Change Impacts in the United States: A State of Knowledge Report from the U.S. Global Change Research Program
The 2nd National Climate Assessment report, this report discusses climate-related impacts for various societal and environmental sectors and regions across the nation. It is an authoritative scientific report written in plain language, with the goal of better informing public and private decision making.
Go Green: Ontario's action plan on climate change
An overview document that addresses the need to create jobs via investment in green industries. Announces the Next Generation Job Fund of $650million, discusses transportation, agriculture, forestry, construction, energy production.
Good Jobs, Clean Skies: Economic Growth and Greenhouse Gas Reduction in the Mayors' Council Transit Plan
The report examines the potential economic and climate impacts of the Mayors’ Council Regional Transit Plan, which calls for an investment of $7.5 billion over the next ten years in the Vancouver Tri-City area. The analysis forecasts 26,322 person years of new direct employment, 43,800 person years of total employment, $2.96 billion in wages, and $4.48 billion toward GDP in Metro Vancouver over its 10 year life span. Additionally, the area would experience an 8.2% decrease in greenhouse gas emissions from transport, versus a business as usual approach, and the plan would save more than $1 billion in traffic congestion costs. By improving by 7% the number of jobs accessible by transit, the Plan would support targets for livability, growth, and location of employment.
Green Bargaining for CUPE Locals
CUPE has a long history of climate change related educational materials, including: Healthy, Clean & GREEN: A Workers' Action Guide to a Greener Workplace (2015), which encourages workplace behaviours such as waste reduction, environmental committees and environmental audits; How to form a workplace environment Committee ; and an online, interactive Eco-audit tool to workers score their workplace behaviours related to energy conservation, recycling, water use, cleaning products, transportation, and workplace meetings. A very early document was the CUPE Green Bargaining Guide , published in 2008 and which provided examples of collective agreement language on many issues, including conservation, commuting, and establishing an environment committee
Green Goods and Services Survey: Results and collection
An overview of the survey methods of the Green Goods and Services survey, and an analysis of the data for 2010 and 2011. The GGS survey was discontinued in March 2013.
Green Jobs: Towards Decent Work in a Sustainable, Low-carbon World
This Report has been commissioned and funded by UNEP, as part of the joint UNEP, ILO, IOE, ITUC Green Jobs Initiative. Produced by Worldwatch Institute, with technical assistance from Cornell University Global Labor Institute. It provides statistical and anecdotal evidence of the current situation re green jobs, and makes forecasts for future. Conceptual issues include a definition of green jobs, and job quality. "We define green jobs as work in agricultural, manufacturing, research and development (R&D),administrative, and service activities that contribute substantially to preserving or restoring environmental quality. Specifically, but not exclusively, this includes jobs that help to protect ecosystems and biodiversity; reduce energy, materials, and water consumption through high efficiency strategies; de-carbonize the economy; and minimize or altogether avoid generation of all forms of waste and pollution."
Green New Deal and the Question of Environmental and Social Justice
Provides a wide-ranging and well-documented global analysis of Green New Deal programs , green economies, and green jobs . Some excerpts: “… while advocates of the green economy promise the elimination of poverty, the green economy agenda is a new version of what has been described as finance-led accumulation and as such a continuation of the neoliberal project that has fuelled inequality during the past three decades.” Of green jobs, he observes, “statistical evidence suggests that many of the assumptions associated with green jobs are far too optimistic.”…Referencing Austrian, EU, and South African studies, he states, “Statistical evidence suggests that in terms of working conditions they (i.e. green jobs) are actually worse than average jobs” .. and “In sum, female workers are clearly disadvantaged when it comes to the distribution of the benefits from green growth.” Finally, “In sum, an alternative approach to a green transition towards a more sustainable economy and society must go beyond the goal of a thermal insulated capitalism and promote ecological, gender and social justice.” The author particularly discusses the importance of hours of work as a key factor in equality/inequality, and in ecological damage
Green Technologies and Practices - August 2011
Presents data from the Green Technologies and Practices survey, a survey of business establishments designed to collect data on establishments’ use of green technologies and practices and the occupations of workers who spend more than half of their time involved in green technologies. 75% of business establishments used at least 1 type of green technology in the reference period; the two most frequently reported types of green technologies and practices were those that improve energy efficiency within the establishment, reported by 57 percent of establishments, and those that reduce the creation of waste materials as a result of operations, reported by 55 percent of establishments.
Green jobs: Draft guidelines for the Statistical Definition and Measurement of Employment in Environmental Sector
At the 19th International Conference of Labour Statisticians (ICLS) in Geneva in early October, labour statisticians discussed and adopted new guidelines for the statistical definition of employment in the environmental sector. The guidelines define the environmental sector as consisting of “all economic units producing, designing and manufacturing goods and services for the purposes of environmental protection and resource management.” The discussion identified as two distinct concepts: 1. employment in production of environmental output, and 2) environmental processes. While both are aspects of greening of employment, the report states that they are different targets for policy-making, and should be measured separately using different methods.
Greening of industries in the EU: Anticipating and managing the effects on quantity and quality of jobs
Examines green business practices and greening processes aimed at mitigating climate change. The study had two main objectives: to provide an overview at both sectoral and cross-sectoral level in the EU of the effects of greening on the quantity and quality of jobs in 10 sectors (automotive, chemicals, construction, distribution and trade, energy, furniture, nonmetallic materials, shipbuilding, textiles and transport); and to analyse good practice examples of the anticipation and management of green change at the company level in these sectors.
Greening with jobs: World Employment and Social Outlook 2018
This landmark report estimates the number of green jobs; also includes analysis and discussion of climate impacts on working conditions, job quality, and productivity, (including estimates of impacts of extreme weather conditions), and the need for social dialogue and a legal and policy framework which promotes just transition. Of particular interest is the discussion of the role of social dialogue, which includes examples of green provisions in international and national agreements – and on page 94, highlights green provisions in Canadian collective agreements, based on the database compiled by the Adapting Canadian Work and Workplaces to Climate Change project. Available in English and French. Available at the ILO at
Guidelines for a Just Transition towards environmentally sustainable economies and societies for all
From the website: "The Guidelines are both a policy framework and a practical tool to help countries at all levels of development manage the transition to low-carbon economies and can also help them achieve their INDCs and the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals. The Guidelines are designed to create decent work on a large scale and ensure that social protection exists where needed. They also include mechanisms for social dialogue among governments, workers and employers' organizations throughout policymaking processes at all levels."
Healthy Clean and Green: A Worker's Action Guide to a Greener Workplace
CUPE members have a workplace environmental guide at their fingertips. The booklet – entitled Healthy, Clean & GREEN: A Workers' Action Guide to a Greener Workplace – shows workers what steps they can take to make their workplaces environmentally sustainable. Climate change, waste reduction and environmental rights are some of the issues covered in the publication. Action is at the centre of Healthy, Clean and GREEN. The booklet spells out what CUPE members can do at work and in their communities to tackle some of the pressing environmental problems we face.
Healthy Environment, Healthy Canadians, Healthy Economy: Strengthening the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
This ground-breaking report recommends 87 changes to the Canadian Environmental Protection Act (CEPA), including the introduction of national drinking water and air quality standards; stronger enforcement provisions to ensure polluters are held to account; improved transparency, public reporting and consultation requirements; and faster timelines to ensure regulatory action is taken swiftly once a toxic threat is identified. Most important, however, is the recommendation that the Act recognize and protect the right of every person in Canada to a healthy environment – a right recognized in 110 other countries. The Committee, chaired by Deborah Schulte, tabled its report on June 15, 2017 in the 42nd Parliament. It is available at the government website at in English; the French version is entitled: Canadiens et une Économie en Santé : Renforcer la Loi Canadienne sur la Protection de l’environnement (1999).
Heat Illness Prevention Training Guide: A Lesson Plan for Employers
These training materials are adapted from work the Labor Occupational Health Program (LOHP), University of California, Berkeley, and part of the Worker Occupational Safety and Health Training and Education Program (WOSHTEP), which is administered by the Commission on Health and Safety at University of California at Los Angeles. Designed to be delivered in 45 minutes or in 15 minute modules, and can be delivered by shift supervisors. Fact sheets in Spanish and English.
How policies to reduce greenhouse gas emissions could effect employment
from the CBO: "CBO has analyzed the research on the effects that policies to reduce green house gases would have on employment and concluded that total employment during the next few decades would be slightly lower than would be the case in the absence of such policies. In particular, job losses in the industries that shrink would lower employment more than job gains in other industries would increase employment, thereby raising the overall unemployment rate. Eventually, however, most workers who lost jobs would find new ones. In the absence of policies to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases, changes to the climate also might affect employment; however, this brief does not address such changes because that effect would probably arise after the next few decades, and it has not been studied as carefully by researchers." This brief summarizes the findings of three studies which used general equilibrium models to project employment impacts: Ho, Morgensterns and Shih, (2008) Impact of carbon price policies on U.S. Industry. Washington: Resources for the Future; McKibbin et al, (2009) Consequences of alternative U.S. Cap-and-Trade policies. Washington, Brookings Institution; and Montgomery et al (2009) Impact on the economy of the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 (H.R.2454). CRA International.
How to form a Workplace Environment Committee
Workplace environment committees deal with environmental issues in the workplace. Like other workplace committees that have specialized interests, an environment committee looks at ways to improve the environmental record of the workplace. These committees can go by different names, such as the Green Committee or the Green Team. Sometimes, environment committees are made up of worker and employer representatives. Sometimes, unionized workers set up their own worker-only environment committee. Unlike some other committees, such as health and safety committees, there is no law in any Canadian jurisdiction that states workplaces must have an environment committee. Therefore, these committees are either set up voluntarily by workers and the employer or – in some cases – they are set up as a result of the collective bargaining process. CUPE recommends that its members set up either a workers-only environment committee or a joint worker/employer environment committee. Sometimes, joint health and safety committees extend their mandate to take on environmental issues. However, a separate environment committee that focuses only on green issues is the better way to go to ensure that workplace environmental issues are front and centre for the committee.
Indigenous peoples and climate change: From victims to change agents through Decent Work
This report rejects the characterization of Indigenous people as “victims”. It states that indigenous peoples, numbering over 370 million worldwide , “are at the vanguard of running modern green economies”, and “if they have access to decent work opportunities; if they are empowered to participate in decision making; if their rights are protected; and if policies address their social, economic and environmental vulnerabilities while honing their positive potential as partners, workers, entrepreneurs and innovators, indigenous peoples will become empowered agents of change who can play a vital role in spurring green growth and combating climate change.”
Industrial relations and sustainability: the role of social partners in the transition towards a green economy
"This study examined best practice examples of social partner involvement in greening the economy in different Member States. It analysed the role of the trade unions and employers’ associations as well as employees, their direct representatives and company management in selected projects at national or local level. The report demonstrates what a successful contribution of the social partners to greening the economy can look like and identifies factors that need to be taken into consideration. " The 5 case studies were: UK, the GreenWorkplaces project of the Trades Union Congress in Mid-2006; Germany, Network Resource Efficiency project with IG Metall (2007); France, Joint approved training fund with Construction industry OPCA (2008); Belgium, Eco-voucher initiative with the National Labour Council ( 2009); Romania, Euroeneff project with CMC – joint organisation in the construction industry (2008).
Job Growth in Clean Energy: Employment in Alberta’s emerging renewables and energy efficiency sectors
The report discusses the impact of the phase-out of coal-fired electricity, and argues that those jobs will be replaced by growth in clean energy jobs, especially if community energy projects are also encouraged. The report is a result of collaboration with Blue Green Canada and the Alberta Federation of Labour.
Jobs for Tomorrow: Canada’s Building Trades and Net Zero Emissions
This report makes job creation projections for construction occupations, based on an aggressive emissions reduction target of Net-zero emissions by 2050 (Canada’s current national emissions reduction commitment is 30 per cent below 2005 levels by 2030) . Overall, the report concludes that the Net-zero emissions reduction target could generate nearly 4 million direct building trades jobs, and 20 million indirect, induced and supply chain jobs by 2050. Some examples from the report: building small district energy systems in half of Canada’s municipalities with populations over 100,000 would create over 547,000 construction jobs by 2050. Building solar installations would create the next-highest level of construction jobs: 438,350. Building $150 billion of urban transit infrastructure (rapid transit tracks and bridges, subway tunnels, and dedicated bus lanes) would create about 245,000 direct construction jobs by 2050. The report was commissioned by Canada’s Building Trades Unions (CBTU), an umbrella organization affiliated with 15 international construction unions.
Just Transition Towards Environmentally Sustainable Economies and Societies for All
This Policy Brief, aimed at a labour union audience, reviews the history and fundamental principles of the Just Transition concept, provides case studies which form an impressive catalogue of how just transition has (and in some cases, hasn’t) worked around the world, and concludes with recommendations of how trade unions and workers’ organizations can contribute to the goal of Just Transition to a low carbon economy. He concludes with the observation that 10 - 12 years is a realistic time frame for Just Transition agreements. Available at the ILO from .
Just Transition and Good Green Jobs for Alberta: Conference Summary
This is a summary of presentations and recommendations from a Blue Green Canada-sponsored conference, October 17, 2016 in Edmonton Alberta.
Just Transition of the workforce, and the creation of decent work and quality jobs. Technical Paper by the Secretariat
"This technical paper provides an overview of the work undertaken under the Convention on a just transition of the workforce, and the creation of decent work and quality jobs (hereinafter referred to as just transition) in the context of the impact of the implementation of response measures. The paper also presents the general concept of just transition, including the drivers and objectives of such transitions, and then discusses the linkages between just transition and the impacts of the implementation of climate change mitigation policies. It also provides guidance on how to approach just transition at the national level. This technical paper draws upon relevant information contained in: (1) reports on the work of the forum on the impact of the implementation of response measures, as well as submissions, presentations and statements made by Parties and observer organizations during previous sessions of the Conference of the Parties and the subsidiary bodies from 2008 to 2015; (2) national inventory reports, national communications, biennial reports and biennial update reports submitted by Parties; (3) publications by experts, international organizations and research institutes; and (4) inputs from the International Labour Organization." Includes a 7 page bibliography. Highlights the work of the Adapting Canadian Work and Workplaces to Climate Change (ACW) project on page 40.
Just Transition: Creating a Green Social Contract for BC’s Resource Workers
The result of of seven focus groups composed of displaced workers from the forestry, mining, and fossil fuel industries. Participants stressed the importance of improving training and education programs, which were seen as neglecting transferable and upgraded skills in favour of narrow specialization that plugged current labour gaps but left workers vulnerable to wage suppression and unable to change industries without downgrading. Participants also highlighted personal, family and community strain associated with moving to find work or commuting long distances, pointing to the need for related socioeconomic support, counselling, and policies that keep workers closer to home.
Make Manufacturing Work: An Industrial Strategy for the 21st Century
This policy statement deals mainly with the steel, forestry and auto sectors, and their trade position. Part 2 is devoted to "A green Industrial Strategy" and Just Transition. The report states: "Although addressing such environment-industry policy disconnects may displace some workers, clean energy investments, shifts in subsides and targeted tax incentives may increase the number of well-paid, equitable, unionized jobs, though only if it is an explicit goal of Canada’s manufacturing or industrial policy." It makes recommendations for cleaner processes for each industry.
Making Decarbonization Work for Workers: Policies for a just transition to a zero-carbon economy
In light of the federal government’s pledge to launch a Task Force on Just Transition in 2018, this report makes a unique contribution by using census data to identify the regions in each province with the greatest reliance on fossil fuel jobs. While fossil fuel dependence is overwhelmingly concentrated in Alberta, with a few “hot spots” in Saskatchewan and British Columbia, the report identifies communities from other provinces where fossil fuel jobs represent a significant part of the local economy – for example, Bay Roberts, Newfoundland; Cape Breton, Nova Scotia; Saint John, New Brunswick; Sarnia, Ontario. The report also makes the useful distinction between “reactive” just transition policies, which are intended to minimize the harm to workers of decarbonization, and “pro-active” just transition policies, which are intended to maximize the benefits.
Making Kyoto work: A transition strategy for Canadian energy workers
Making Kyoto Work: A Transition Strategy for Canadian Energy Workers finds that there are tremendous economic opportunities in becoming more energy efficient and developing new technologies--in alternative fuels, fuel-efficient vehicles, and in wind, geothermal, and tidal power. The study develops a transition strategy that allows Canada to meet its Kyoto Protocol commitments and at the same time provide transition support and employment for energy workers who lose their jobs. Dale Marshall, a resource policy analyst with the BC office of the CCPA and author of the study, estimates that 12,800 Canadian energy workers will lose their jobs over the next 10 years if Canada acts upon its Kyoto commitments, but over the same period, 16,000 new energy jobs will be created. Marshall says that "new jobs won't necessarily require the same skills or be in the same region, which is why we need a strategy to help workers with transition."
Managing Canada's Resource Wealth in the interests of Canadians and the Environment
The policy document sets out fundamental issues for workers in the resource industries that Unifor represents, including mining, forestry, fisheries, oil and gas. This document acknowledges the dangers of climate change, respect for First Nations rights, need for stability and economic sustainability, regulating foreign ownership, need for Canadian jobs, etc. It outlines its opposition to any pipeline development for export (including Line 9), under the principle that refining jobs should be kept in Canada. Also includes as an Appendix, a useful compendium of the past policy statements and reports of Unifor's predecessor unions: CAW and CEP, going back to 2008.
Measuring Green Industry Employment: Developing a Definition of Green Goods and Services
This paper reviews the process used by BLS to define green goods or services, in the process of developing its survey in 2010. Includes an extensive review of definitions used in existing green data publications and studies from various agencies, including State governments, Eurostat, Statistics Canada, and private research institutions. With an understanding of the definitions from existing literature and after discussions with various environmental and government organizations, BLS reviewed each North American Industrial Classification System industry code to identify each industry’s potential to produce green goods or services.
Middle Class Task Force: Green Jobs update
Focusses on training for green jobs and includes case studies of U.S. training programs in which IBEW and SEIU are involved.
More Jobs, Less Pollution: Why Energy Conservation is Common Sense for Ontario
BlueGreen Canada calls on the Ontario government to cut energy use by 25 per cent by 2025 (“25 by 25.”) According to the economic analysis commissioned by BlueGreen and conducted by Stokes Economic Consulting, reducing consumption by 25% would result in 25,000 new jobs, $3.7 billion more in GDP, lower deficits for both the federal and provincial governments, and a 9% reduction in carbon emissions by 2025. BlueGreen Canada states that a more aggressive conservation approach is supported by environmental groups. The release of the BlueGreen report coincides with a formal review of the provincial government’s long term energy plan.
NIOSH criteria for a recommended standard: occupational exposure to heat and hot environments
Criteria documents contain a critical review of the scientific and technical information about the prevalence of hazards, the existence of safety and health risks, and the adequacy of control methods. By means of criteria documents, NIOSH communicates these recommended standards to regulatory agencies, including the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA), health professionals in academic institutions, industry, organized labor, public interest groups, and others in the occupational safety and health community. Heat stress was last addressed in 1986.
National Round Table for the Environment and the Economy
Collection consists of policy papers, reports and research related to the National Round Table for the Environment and the Economy (NRTEE), which ceased in 2013., Preservation made possible, in whole or in part, through a grant through the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC) and in-kind resources from York University Libraries.
Net-Zero Pathways: Initial Observations
To start on the right path, the NZAB was tasked to deliver a summary of existing domestic and international pathways to net-zero within the first three months of our mandate. This document lays out what we have learned so far. We begin by setting out the context and momentum for net-zero commitments in Canada and internationally. We then offer ten key observations on net-zero pathways: five are foundational values and five are design principles. These observations resonated with our diverse expertise and experiences. They will guide our work to engage and advise on net-zero pathways. The observations are interconnected and should be read together; prioritizing some to the detriment of others will not lead us to most likely pathways. A concluding section then provides an overview of our plan for the remainder of this year. Finally, two annexes describe how we approached this summary, including who we heard from in our first three months, and what resources informed our early thinking.
Nurses' Unions, Climate Change and Health: A Global Agenda for Action
The planet is warming and the climate is changing. With increasing regularity, headlines report record- breaking heat waves, catastrophic storms, floods and fires, and rising numbers of people displaced due to famines, droughts and violence. The world seems to be rapidly becoming a more dangerous and more frightening place. These changes have profound significance for human health. Indeed, the health impacts of global warming and climate change are already being felt by vast numbers of people around the world. At the same time, although certain health risks may actually diminish with increased warming for some people—for instance, risk from exposure to cold in some regions—health risks overall are set to increase significantly. In the medium term, this is especially true for risks related to exposure to floods, droughts and extreme heat; food security issues; and infectious diseases. Longer-term, health risks associated with displacement and conflict are likely to become much more serious. This paper aims to provide information to nurses and their unions regarding climate-related health risks. It summarizes what is happening now, and what health-related climate science suggests could happen if current trends continue. Nurses and their unions have been at the forefront of many key struggles to minimize the negative health impacts of current and rising fossil fuel use, and for strong policy responses to the unfolding climate crisis. But it is today clear that addressing climate change will require a radical change at the level of politics and policy. The current policies—which are directed towards ensuring investment opportuniAes for big business—have been a massive failure. Emissions continue to rise, and health outcomes and indicators continue to worsen.
Occupational wages and employment in Green goods and services - November 2011
Presents data from a sample during the survey period of November 2011. Amongst the finding: five of the 6 largest detailed occupations in all-green establishments were in the transportation and material moving occupational group. These 5 occupations were school or special client bus drivers (174,450); transit and intercity bus drivers (111,760); refuse and recyclable materials collectors (56,930); hand laborers and freight, stock, and material movers (54,890); and heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers (39,060).
Offshore: Oil and gas workers' views on industry conditions and the energy transition
This report shares the testimonies of workers in the industry and their perspectives and priorities in the looming energy transition. The survey results show that morale is low amongst the workforce, who feel they are bearing the brunt of an industry in decline. But these workers are willing to retrain and move to new sectors. They want secure and well-paid work that makes use of their skills and experience.
Ontario's Climate Change: Discussion Paper 2015
The document is intended to lay the groundwork for a forthcoming comprehensive policy and to facilitate consultation with business, municipalities, industry, Indigenous groups and the public. The paper suggests implementing new regulations and market instruments, including carbon pricing, which will realign economic incentives and disincentives with climate change mitigation goals. The paper emphasizes the importance of climate-smart infrastructure and transportation development to help merge economic growth, resilience, energy efficiency, and emissions reduction strategies. It concludes with a call for the opinions of stakeholders, including how to build upon existing successful policies, which industries to target, how to design climate-friendly built communities, and which carbon pricing mechanism might suit Ontario best. Also available in French.
Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change
This statement was drafted by the federal government in agreement with provincial and territorial governments - with the exception of Saskatchewan, which did not agree to the plan. It is meant to further the climate policy goals established in the Vancouver Declaration by the first ministers. The Pan-Canadian Framework has four main pillars: pricing carbon pollution; complementary measures to further reduce emissions across the economy; measures to adapt to the impacts of climate change and build resilience; and actions to accelerate innovation, support clean technology, and create jobs.
Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change - First Annual Synthesis Report on the Status of Implementation
An overview of progress on the programs and policies initiated under Pan-Canadian Framework as of December, including an inventory of provincial programs, and a section on "looking forward." No mention of Just Transition policies in this document. Available also at, and in French.
Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change: Second Annual Synthesis Report on the Status of Implementation – December 2018
On December 9, 2016, Canada's First Ministers adopted the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change (PCF). The PCF is built on four pillars: pricing carbon pollution, complementary actions to reduce emissions across the economy, adaptation and climate resilience, and clean technology, innovation, and jobs. The PCF includes more than fifty concrete actions that cover all sectors of the Canadian economy, and positions Canada to meet its Paris Agreement greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction target of 30% below 2005 levels by 2030. Implementing PCF actions will not only spur GHG emissions reductions and increase resilience to climate change impacts across the country, but will provide additional benefits for Canadians. Households will have opportunities for cost-savings, such as through energy efficiency upgrades that lower utility bills, and communities will benefit from infrastructure that is resilient to a changing climate. Canadians' health will be improved through reduced air pollution from the phase-out of coal fired electricity, and through reduced risk of illnesses associated with extreme heat and infectious diseases. New job opportunities, such as those in clean technology innovation, will emerge as Canada's participation in the global clean economy grows. This second annual Synthesis Report summarizes the significant progress achieved in 2018 by federal, provincial, and territorial governments, in partnership with Indigenous Peoples and with engagement from stakeholders, in implementing the PCF.
Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change: Third Annual Synthesis Report on the Status of Implementation - 2019
The Government of Canada has released the Pan-Canadian Framework Third Annual Synthesis Report outlining progress made over the past year by federal, provincial, and territorial governments in implementing Canada's climate plan, the Pan-Canadian Framework on Clean Growth and Climate Change. Collaboration between federal, provincial, and territorial governments as well as with Indigenous Peoples, businesses, and civil society remained a high priority to ensure the success of actions spanning all sectors of the Canadian economy. The Pan-Canadian Framework is built on four pillars: pricing carbon pollution; complementary actions to reduce emissions across the economy; adaptation and climate resilience; and clean technology, innovation, and jobs. The Pan-Canadian Framework includes more than fifty concrete actions that cover all sectors of the Canadian economy and puts Canada on a path toward meeting our Paris Agreement GHG-emissions-reduction target of 30 percent below 2005 levels by 2030. In 2019, significant progress continued to be made across the four pillars of the Pan-Canadian Framework: Carbon-pollution pricing is in place across Canada. Governments continued to: fund programs focused on energy efficiency to help people and businesses save money while reducing their emissions; make progress on a number of adaptation initiatives to manage risks, build resilience, and help ensure that Canadian communities thrive in a changing climate; and take action to support the development, commercialization, and adoption of clean technology in Canada; promote collaboration across jurisdictions; and establish a clean-technology data strategy.
Pipes need Jackets Too - Improving Performance of BC Buildings through Mechanical Insulation Practice and Standards - A White Pa
"Based on a survey of peer‐reviewed research and trade journals, interviews with a wide range of professionals who work with mechanical insulation and energy modeling of three different building types, we have identified actions that can be taken by the provincial government, utility companies, local government, developers, engineers and building owners/operators that can save millions of dollars and eliminate thousands of tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions each year." The paper provides a literature review and makes recommendations for policy changes at provincial and local levels.
Prevention through Design: Plan for the National Initiative
In 2007, NIOSH initiated a national initiative, Prevention through Design (PtD), to foster designing out occupational hazards in equipment, structures, materials, and processes that affect workers. This is the overview document to roll out the initiative, which had as one component, green jobs.
Promoting safety and health in a green economy
The report looks at different "green industries" from an OSH perspective. Industries discussed include all forms of renewable energy, waste management (including shipbreaking), agriculture, forestry, construction, and the special case of nuclear energy.
Public infrastructure builds a sustainable, equitable future
Public infrastructure is an excellent investment. It provides valuable public services that improve the quality of life in our communities, and also has important short-term and long‑term economic impacts. Over the short term, public investment in infrastructure provides one of the strongest economic boosts to the economy in terms of stimulating growth and creating jobs. Over the long term, public infrastructure improves life for everyone, increases productivity, reduces costs for business and helps stimulate increased business investment. Canada's infrastructure deficit is over $150 billion. The Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM) estimates that municipally-controlled water and wastewater facilities alone need an injection of over $50 billion to renew infrastructure in poor or very poor condition. Local governments also bear much of the additional infrastructure costs for climate change mitigation and adaptation. The 2013 floods cost the Province of Alberta and City of Toronto $3 billion. The annual costs of natural catastrophes are forecast to rise to $5 billion annually by 2020 and to over $20 billion annually in 2050.
Re-Energizing Canada: Pathways to a Low-Carbon Future
Commissioned by Natural Resources Canada in Fall 2016 Written by 72 scholars from all 10 provinces Draws on data, peer-reviewed research and other relevant documents Offers suggestions on how Canadian governments, companies and citizens can advance decarbonisation in a manner coherent with the Paris Agreement After reviewing hundreds of articles and reports, and analysing much data, we are convinced more than ever that Canada has an opportunity to drive innovation and deliver benefits now and into the future by tapping our vast renewable energy potential and know-how to make the transition away from fossil-fuel-based energy systems.
Reduce, reuse, recycle: green technologies and practices at work
Provides the results of a special tabulation of the data from the Green Technologies and Practices survey, from 2012. Reports on the number and distribution of employers who use more than 1 green practice.