Canada lags the leading G8 nations, in particular the large European countries. France, Germany and the United Kingdom are best positioned to harness the potential of a low carbon transition. Canada lags the leaders by a significant overall margin, but does score well in a few select performance areas. Canada is at an inflection point – it needs to adopt a bold vision of its low-carbon future and to define a comprehensive strategy. There can be no cookie-cutter approach to achieving success across the identified areas of low-carbon performance. Canada will need to design its own path, blending policy drivers with action from business and other actors.