at the beckoning of some strange cloud in the sky men left their lands and houses and went forth into the wilderness to create new races. While he worked night and day to make his farms more

productive and to extend his holdings of land, he -

regretted that he could not use his own restless energy in the building of temples, the slaying of unbelievers and in general in the work of glorify- ing God’s name on earth.

That is what Jesse hungered for and then also he hungered for something else. He had grown into maturity in America in the years after the Civil War and he, like all men of his time, had been touched by the deep influences that were at work in the country during those years when mod- ern industrialism was being born. He began to buy machines that would permit him to do the iwork of the farms while employing fewer men and he sometimes thought that if he were a younger man he would give up farming altogether

and start a factory in Winesburg for the making of machinery. Jesse formed the habit of read- iing newspapers and magazines. He invented a machine for the making of fence out of wire. Faintly he realized that the atmosphere of old times and places that he had always cultivated in ihis own mind was strange and foreign to the lthing that was growing up in the minds of others. [The beginning of the most materialistic age in the