10 THE CHARACTER.OF RACES

went to his death unmated. The other wed a pioneer, but with their son that race of seekers ended, and its genius was forever lost.

This is the parable of the farmer and his sons. It is also the parable of history-the parable of races. Let us put the parable into the language of history and see its interpretation. We shall begin with an example which illustrates the main principles as they apply to pioneers. Examples of the other types will come later. The details of the present example are only dimly known, but the general outlines are unmistakable. I insert it here not as something well proved, but as an interesting example which

follows out the spirit of our parable—some day this same example i

may be rewritten with far more detail and exactness. In later chapters we shall cite many other examples less picturesque, perhaps, but well-known even in their minute details.

One of the world’s most famous ruins is Angkor Wat. In the dense forests of Cambodia in French Indo-China, some two hun- dred miles northwest of Saigon, scores of wonderful ruins stand near a desolate lake embowered in tropical vegetation. Once Angkor Wat and its neighbors must have been great cities of marvelous beauty. To-day the ruined temples excite the pro- found admiration of every thoughtful visitor. The numerous huge structures with their lofty walls, carefully carved statues, and vast size indicate that they were built by a people not only of great patience and industry, but of high artistic capacity and real originality. No ordinary minds could plan such great and complicated buildings. Nor could any one man have designed all parts of each of the greater structures, with their innumer- able groups of figures carved in high relief. One scene alone contains a thousand figures of warriors, charioteers, and all the actors in a mighty battle. The builders must have had in their midst many men of high artistic genius. They must have been assisted by many others who were skilled in the arts of quarry- ing and transporting stone, of carving it true to the line, and of planning the work of thousands of laborers. Likewise they must have had at their command large numbers of people who could