INDEX

leadership in, 327; natural selection in, 329 California Institute of Technology, 327 Cambodia, ruins in, 10 f. Cambridge University, cephalic index at, 31 Campbell, G., 168, I95 f., 197 f., 374 Canada, ice in, 63; scientists from, 312

Canals, in Shantung, I71

Cannibalism, in China, I77 f., 188 f.

Canton, 199, 202; first Chinese in, 149; Hakkas in, 167

Cantonese, character of, 160

Cape Horn, 91

Caravan roads, importance of, I31

Caribbean Sea, colonization schemes in, 302

Carr-Saunders, 362, 374

Caspian race, Dixon's, 83 f., 89, 207, 209, 257

Caspian-Mediterranean blend, 9o, 92

Cathay, I52

Catholics, eminence among, 320. See Roman Catholic Church

Cattell, J. McK., 342, 346, 358 f., 374

Caucasus, migrations in, 59

Celibacy, 340 fl".

Central America, civilization in, 61; ruins in, 11

Central Asia, decline of glacial period in, 58; migrations in, 57; upheaval of, 27

Central Europe, migrations in, 77

Cephalic Index, 77 (map); 79 (map). See Head form, Broad-heads, Long- heads, and Round-heads

Chang La, 26

Channing, W. E., 325

Chaplicka, quoted, 7o

Character, of Americans, 333; of Dutch, 333; of English, 333; and environ- ment, 286 f.; geographical distribu- tion of, 215 17.; of Germans, 333; of Indians, 65; of Turks, 333

Charity, among Chinese, 192; and na- tural selection, 336

Charlemagne, 258 f., 261

Chehsi, 182

Chekiang, 180, 182; famines in, 196; Hakkas in, 196; officials from, 161

Chemists, children of, 358

Chi, 178

Chicago, age of fathers in, 365

Chihli, famines in, 177 f.; migrations from, 200 17.; officials from, I61

Children, 357; effect of migrations on, 13,

304; per family, 194, 35317.; mortality

381

of, in Crete, 238; sale of, in China, 177, 187 f.

Ch’in, 148

China, early migrations in, 21, 58; Eu- ropean contact with, 164 f.; famines in, 170 17.; history of, 148, 179, 203 17.; leaders in, 155, 16o f.; progress in, 6o; rainfall in, 17o flI; selection in, 362; social origins in, 60

Chinese, vs. Americans, 337; brains of, 78; head form of, 77; as invaders, 148; in Manchuria, 20o; natural selection among, 184 f.; officials (map), 161; physique of, 185, 333 f. ; warlike quality 0f, I55

Chinese Bannermen, 161

Chinook Indians, 103

Chios, 242

Chosen, 58

Christianity, in Iceland, 269, 289, 292 f.; origin of, I33 f.

Chronicles, book of, 130

Chukchees, 53; hysteria among, 70; sui- cide among, 69

Churchill family, 367

Cities, birth rate in, 346; effect on selec- tion, 193 f.; leadership in, 346 f., 348, 352; Mediterranean, 213; test of, 3461f.

Cityman, 7, 371

Civilization, defined, 228; European, 335; and glaciation, 332 f.; localization of, 59; map, 225; origin, 60; racial ten- dencies of, 3321i‘.

Clapham, 78

Clarke, E. I": s09 .17» s49, s74

Clarke, J. F., 324

Class distinctions, in America, 307

Clay, as food, 179

Cleanliness, relation to climate, 289

Clergymen, children of, 31817., 321, 34217.

Cleomenes, 246

Climate, of California, 328f.; China, I64, I70; Greece, 247; Iceland, 273; Ireland, 2481f; North Sea region, 252 f.; Nor- way, 219; Sicily, 219, 268

Climate, effects of, on civilization, 88; in cold regions, 65; evolution, 34; famines. 183; health, 289 f.; human character, 92, 288 f.; human origins, 22; leader- ship, 329; migrations, 349

Climatic changes, 55, 206; in Iceland, 293 f.; and migrations, 205 f.; in Nor- way, 260 fl.

Climatic cycles, 47

Climatic energy, 88; map, 232

Clothing, 21