From this brief statement it will be seen that the past decade has been a memorable one in the history of newspaper libel. \Ve are quite safe in saying that, since the passage of Lord CampbelPs Act, in the earlv part of the present reign (6 and 7 Vict., c. 96), which materially extended the benefits 0f Fox’s Libel Act (32 Geo. 3, c. 6o)—the nzrqgzza char/a of the press —there has been no period more fruitful in amendments, and 0n the whole salutary amendments, of the law, than that which, commencing in I882, will close with the present year. It will be impossible to discuss all these amendments in the present thesis. In a paper which the writer had the honour of reading at the winter meeting of the Association held at Toronto in I889, and which was afterwards published amongst the transactions of the Association, the amendments of the criminal law oflibel, then just passed, were fully reviewed. Some suggestions contained in that paper for a further improvement of the law, along the lines of recent legislation in England, may be worth considering at the present meeting, especially in view of the revised criminal code which the Minister will again bring before Parlia- ment. The provisions of the Ontario Act of I887, in regard t0 security for costs in libel actions against newspapers, were also discussed by the writer in a paper which was published in The Globe of 19th July, 1890. lt is pro- posed now to review, as briefly as the importance of the subject will permit, the other amendments of the law contained in the Ontario Acts of I882 and I887. The Association will then have. in something like a permanent form, a concise commentary, which it is hoped may be of some practical service, on the past decade of legislation affecting the newspaper press.


The ‘first amendments of the law are embodied in The Ontario News- paper Libel Act, 1882.” This contains the first definition by a Canadian statute of the word Newspaper.” It declares that the word Newspaper] or other periodical publication, as used in the Act, shall be held to include any paper containing public news, intelligence, or occurrences, or any remarks or observations l/zcrui/z, printed for sale and published periodically, or in parts or numbers, at intervals 1m! ¢'.rr¢'vn'z'/1g /~:ut'/nf_i'-sz'.i' dart between the publication of any two such papers, parts or numbers, and also any paper printed in order to be dispersed and made public weekly or oftener, or at intervals no! rnrrcca'1'/z_g l-rcuvuiv-szir days, and containing" only or principally advertisements.”

The term, it will be seen, has a much wider signification than is popu-

larly supposed, and covers most ordinary publications. Still it does not"