'- _ HERE have been many events in political history which may well be called epochal.

these were of major importance. But in cultural history, there is no event even rivalling in conse- quence the invention of printing with movable types. To this must be credited the present status of popular educa- tion, and the comparatively high average level of intel- ligence. While we are often dismayed at the tide of igno- rance and superstition, there is, of course, no comparison between conditions at the present time with those before the coming of the printing press.

Since the typographic art has made so vital a contribu- tion to cultural development, the question of who in- vented it becomes one of high historical importance. Though the birth of printing made a great impression on Europe in the fifteenth century, and in spite of the fact that the first printer dealt with the very tools of publicity, we have surprisingly little exact knowledge on the subject. When asked: “Who invented printing?” we

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