Hospital administrators find that the Wearing off of the nickel on nickel plated fixtures is a s-ource of constant Worry, as also the refinishing of plumbing trimmings. Too much attention is required to keep the brass fixtures polished and, further, such fixtures are subject to unsightly staining and corrosion.

Since maintenance costs are involved in this question it is worthy of consideration, more especially so as the discontinuance of water supply at any fixture, even for a short time, is to be avoided wherever possible.

All portions of the trimmings which come above the fixtures and Which are frequently handled should be made of so-called “White metal” and those portions below the fixture may be made of either

brass nickel plated or so-called rough brass painted. But Where

means are available it is we'll to make all White metal installations.

Fixtures.—All plumbing fixtures should be: kept away from Walls wherever possible, unless integral backs are supplied and, further, should be kept off the fioors to the greatest possible extent. Wall hanging fixtures which have the proper support are much to be preferred to those having any fioor connection. This would apply

Fig. 57. Porcelain enamelled iron lavatory.

Fig. 58. Noiseless syhon jet wall closet.

particularly to lavatories, Water closets and slop hoppers. (See Figs. 57 and 58.) The object of hanging fixtures is not primarily one of sanitation, but one of expedience in keeping the hospital clean with the least expenditure of time and labour. Bat-l1 tubs should be built into the floor at their base (see Fig. 59) and as far as possible be free

on two or three sides, so that patients can be readily handled. (See Figs. 60, 61, and 62.) '